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Full text of "Geographical distribution of population"

Book _i A 51 



OI'^l-ICLiL DONATION. 



/ 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OFFICE 

WILLIAM R. MERRIAM, DIRECTOR 



BULLETIN I 



<A .^ 



^^^.oLt. . 1 -^v-^ ^^^ 



GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION 

OE POPULATION 



PREPARED UNDER THE SUPERVISION 

OF 

HENRY GANNETT 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
1903 



31 JUL1905 
D.ofD, 



-^^' 



A' 






r 






LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL. 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OFFICE, 

Washingtm, D. <?., March 3, 1903. 
Sik: 

I have the honor to transmit herewith, for publication in bulletin form, tables showing the distribution 
of the aggregate, foreign born, and negro population for the last three decades, 1880, 1890, and 1900, by 
drainage basins, in accordance with elevation above sea level, by the eighteen physiographic regions, in accord- 
ance with mean annual temperature, and mean annual rainfall; tables showing the distribution of the aggregate, 
native born, foreign born, and negro population for 1880, 1890, and 1900 in accordance with latitude and 
longitude; and a table showing the aggregate population in 1900 to the nearest thousand in each square decree. 

In compiling the data for these tables the lioundaries of the various geographic divisions cited above were 
delineated on a large United States map, showing county lines, and the population of the counties and parts of 
counties lying within the boundaries of the divisions was ascertained. Where a county was divided between 
two or more divisions the population of the area in each division was carefully estimated. 

The data for these tables have been jarepared under my direction by Mr. C. S. Sloane, chief of the 
Geographer's division. 

Very respectfully, 



.^'''^^i^^^^^Vii^^^^^^t^,^-^'^ 



Hon. William R. Merriam, 

Director of the Censtis. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2010 with funding from 
The Library of Congress 



http://www.archive.org/details/geographicaldistOOunit 



GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION 



DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH DRAINAGE BASINS. 



In the tables appended is given, first, the approximate 
area of each drainage basin in square miles, and, sec- 
ond, the population as aggregate, foreign born, and 
negro of each drainage basin in 1900, 1890, and 1880, 
together with the number of each element of the popu- 
lation to the square mile, and the per cent of increase. 

The drainage areas are classified first bj- the two 
oceans and the Great Basin; second, by sections of the 
coast and the divisions of the Great Basin; and third, 
by the principal rivers, the rivers of each section of the 
coast being arranged under that section, and the 
branches of a river placed under the main river. 

The primary divisions are set at the margin of the 
page. Under each primary division its secondary divi- 
sions are placed, being indented. Under each of these 
secondary divisions the tertiary divisions are placed, 
and so on, the subdivisions of a drainage basin being in 
every case indented within that of the river comprising 
them. 

The New England coast comprises the area and pop- 
ulation of the basins of the several rivers given beneath 
it, and, in addition to these, the area and population of 
the minor streams and of the immediate coast from the 
eastern border of Maine to the Hudson River. 

The Middle Atlantic coast comprises the basins of the 
rivers given beneath it, and the basins of the minor 
streams and of the coast itself from the Hudson River 
as far as the mouth of the Potomac, including that river. 

The South Atlantic coast, in like manner, comprises 
the countiy from the Potomac southward to Florida. 

The Gulf of Mexico, commencing with the peninsula 
of Florida, embraces the coast and the whole Missis- 
sippi Valley to the mouth of the Rio Grande, including 
the latter. 

•■ Tlie population of the various subdivisions was ob- 
tained by using the county as a unit, and subdividing 
the counties into tenths in cases where they lie partly 
in one basin and partly in another. Of course, in mak- 

Bull. I 2 



ing these divisions of counties, population and not area 
was considered. 

The areas of the different river basins were measured 
approximately from maps, and were finally adjusted to 
suit a total land area of the United States (which had 
been determined with care) of 2,970,230 square miles, 
exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii. 

The first table shows that 95.7 per cent of the total 
inhabitants live in the countiy which is drained to the 
Atlantic Ocean; that 53.1: per cent live in the region 
drained to the Gulf of Mexico; that 13.9 per cent of 
the entire population of the country are congregated 
in the drainage area of the Mississippi River; that 9.7 
per cent live in the area drained to the Great Lakes; 
that 3.8 per cent are found on the Pacific coast; and that 
only 0.5 per cent live in the Great Basin. It shows, 
further, that the proportion living within the region 
drained to the Atlantic Ocean is steadilj- diminishing, 
while of this region the part drained to the Gulf of 
Mexico is becoming relative^ more populous, as is the 
case, in a still more marked degree, in the Great Basin 
and in the region drained to the Pacific Ocean. 

The second table, that describing the foreian born, 
shows that of the total number, 93.1 per cent live in 
the region drained to the Atlantic Ocean, a smaller pro- 
portion than of the aggregate population; 36.1 per cent 
are found in the region drained to the Gulf of Mexico, 
which is a much smaller proportion than of the aggre- 
gate population, while of that drained to the Gi"eat 
Lakes, 15 per cent, the proportion is much larger. The 
proportion in the region drained to the Pacific Ocean 
is 6.1 per cent, consideralily greater than in the case of 
the aggregate population. 

The third table, which describes the distribution of 
the negro population, shows that 998 out of cveiy 
1,000 negroes are found in the regions drained to the 
Atlantic Ocean, and that 61.1 per cent are in the lands 
drained to the Gulf of Mexico, the proportion in the 
West and on the Pacific coast being trifling. 

5 



Table 1.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE AGGREGATE 



POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH 
1890, AND 1880. 



DRAINAGE BASINS: 1900, 



DRAINAGE BASINS. 



The United States. 



Atlantic Ocean 

New England coast 

St. Johns River 

Penobscot River 

Eennebec River 

Merrimac River 

Connecticut River 

Housatonic River 

Middle Atlantic coast 

Hudson River 

Delaware River 

Susquehanna River 

Potomac River 

Chesapeake Bay 

South Atlantic coast 

James River 

Chowan River 

Cape Fear River 

Keuse River 

Pedee River 

Koanote River 

Pamlico River 

Santee River 

Savannah River 

Altamaha River 

Great Lakes 

St. Lawrence River 

Lake Ontario 

Lake Erie 

Lake Huron 

Lake Michigan 

Lake Superior 

Eed River of the North 

Gulf of Mexico 

Apalachicola River 

Mobile River 

Tombigbee River 

Alabama River 

Pascagoula River 

Pearl River 

Sabine River 

Trinity River 

Brazos River 

Colorado River 

Nueces River 

San Antonio River 

Kio Grande River 

Pecos River 

Mississippi River 

Yazoo River 

Illinois River 

Rock River 

Wisconsin River 

Chippewa River 

St. Croix River 

Minnesota River 

Cedar River 

Des Moines River 

Ohio River 

Tennessee River 

Cumberland River . . 

Kentucky River 

Green River 

Licking River 

Kanawha River 

Monongahela River . 

Allegheny River 

Miami River 

Scioto River 

Muskingum River. . . 

Wabash River 

Big Sandy River 

Missouri River 

Big Sioux River 

Yellowstone River . . 

Platte River 

Kansas River 

Osage River 

Arkansas River 

Cimarron River 

Canadian River 

White River 

Red River (Louisiana) .. 

Ouachita River 

St. Francis River 



Land area 
(square 
miles). ■ 



2, 970, 230 



2,142. 
56^ 

7, 
6, 

s; 

4, 

11, 
1, 

88, 

13, 

14, 

27, 

Wi 

12, 

143, 

10, 

4, 

8, 

5, 

IS, 

9, 

3, 

14, 

11, 

13, 

130, 

13, 

12. 

21, 

15, 

41, 

26, 

36, 

, 686, 

19, 

43, 

19, 

23, 

9, 

20i 

18, 

4.5, 

38, 

15, 

11, 

128, 

47, 

,23.5, 

12, 

32, 

10, 

12. 

8, 

7, 

16, 

12, 

14, 

201. 

40, 

17, 

6, 

9, 

3, 

13, 

7, 

9, 

5, 

6, 

32, 
4, 

520, 
10, 
70, 
89, 
60, 
16, 

191, 
27, 
41, 
27, 
89, 
24, 
10, 



Aggregate 
population. 



! 75, 994, 575 



72, 739, 097 

5,351,422 

72,456 

106, 591 

204, 065 

853, 562 

920, 495 

245, 470 

13, 749, 380 

1, 558, 250 

3,684,927 

2, 262, 115 

939, 320 

1,216,948 

5, 286, 742 

611,996 

180, 565 

292, 254 

244, 778 

722, 144 

431,217 

171,361 

745,314 

W3, 174 

655. 890 
7, 362, 699 

465, 872 
1,172,035 
2, 732, 437 

545. 080 
2,167,247 

280.028 

385,196 
40,603.658 

825, 953 
1, 675, 313 

672. 891 
958, 387 
209, 689 
211, 537 
436,404 
605, 014 
712,543 
233, 778 

46,832 

234, 822 

210, 848 

46,214 

33, 395, 247 

475,848 

3, 433, 845 
564, 972 
326, 197 
167,098 
128, 623 
395, 790 
470, 205 
513.516 
12, 632. 440 

1, 622. 089 
769, 675 
321, 668 
432, 750 
236, 393 
445, 270 
603, 525 
810, 623 
.591,383 
489, 135 
653. 463 

2, 183, 323 
144, 084 

5, 120, 607 
179, 090 
49, 002 
727, 689 

1, 014, 772 
531, 765 

2, 510, 160 
158. .523 
220, SOI 
613,495 

1,491,747 
510. 807 
249, 487 



Aggregate 

population 

per square 

mile. 



25.6 



34.0 

94.7 

9.6 

15.3 

23.1 

183.1 

81.9 

140.8 

155.9 

116.0 

262. 1 

82.9 

6.5.1 

94.8 

36.9 

59.9 

36.4 

33.0 

47.9 

40.0 

45.8 

44.2 

51.8 

46.1 

40.0 

56.2 

35.0 

90.4 

128.4 

3.5.9 

52.2 

10.6 

10.6 

24.1 

42.1 

38.1 

36.2 

41.1 

22.3 

26.8 

21.1 

33.5 

15.8 

6.0 

2.9 

20.2 

1.6 

1.0 

27.0 

37.2 

107.0 

56.2 

26.4 

18.9 

16.8 

24.6 

37.1 

36.6 

62.7 

39.9 

44.0 

47.7 

46.9 

69.2 

33.3 

83.2 

83.9 

107.7 

80.6 

73.4 

66.3 

34.0 

9.8 

17.9 

0.7 

8.1 

16.8 

32.7 

13.1 

5.8 

.5.3 

22.6 

16.7 

20.7 

24.6 



Per cent of 
increase. 



21.0 



20.5 
19.6 
17.5 
2.0 
6.1 
21.8 
18.2 
22.1 
20.7 
13.1 
21.5 
11.2 
12.2 
11.6 
16.8 
15.9 
10.5 
15.0 
18.5 
17.9 
7.0 
12.9 
22.7 
14.6 
21.1 
18.4 
4.8 
7.3 
21.8 
9.6 
21.1 
81.6 
63.3 
21.1 
20.0 
17.6 
18.4 
16.7 
35.9 
23.9 
41.3 
33.9 
38.5 
31.7 
17.8 
41.0 
32.0 
48.3 
19.5 
17.8 
29.6 
12.4 
23.3 
24.8 
51.2 
31.4 
17.9 
26.9 
16.1 
1.5.0 
15.0 
14.0 
12.6 
11.1 
24.9 
33.2 
22.3 
10.1 
11.9 
7.2 
16.1 
42.1 
12.2 
30.7 
120.2 
10.0 
0.8 
4.8 
3.5.1 
169.4 
168.8 
17.5 
34.8 
15.6 
28.0 



1S90 



Aggregate 
population. 



3 62, 802, 432 



60, 374, 

4,474 

61 

104, 

19: 

700, 

778, 

201 

11, 388, 

1,377 

3,032, 

2, 034, 

837 

1,090; 

4, 525 

62S: 

163: 

254, 

206, 

612, 

403, 

151 

607, 

473, 

469, 

6,221 

444, 

1,092, 

2,243, 

497 

1, 789, 

154, 

235, 

33, .529, 

688, 

1,424 

568, 

821 

154 

170, 

308, 

461 

514 

177, 

38; 

166 

159, 

31, 

»7, 934 

403 

2,649 

502, 

264 

133, 

a5, 

301 

398, 

407 

10, 878, 

1,409, 
669, 
282, 
384, 
211 
356, 
463 
663; 
536, 
437, 
516, 

1,881 
lOi; 

4, 565, 
136 
22, 
661 

1,006 
507; 

1,857, 

58 

82, 

522 

1,106 
441, 
194, 



Aggregate 

population 

per square 

mile. 



21.1 



28.2 
79.2 
8.1 
15.0 
21.8 
150.3 
69.3 
115.3 
129.1 
102.6 
21,5. 7 
74.5 
58.0 
84.9 
31.5 
51.7 
33.0 
28.7 
40.5 
33.9 
42.8 
39.1 
42 2 
40.' 2 
33.1 
47,6 
33.3 
84.2 
105.4 
32.7 
43.1 
6.8 
6.4 
19.9 
36.1 
32.4 
29.8 
35.2 
16.4 
21.6 
14.9 
26.0 
11.4 
4.6 
2.6 
14.3 
1.2 
0.7 
22. 6 
31.5 
82.6 
49.1 
20.6 
15.2 
11.1 
18.7 
31.5 
29,1 
54.0 
34.6 
38.3 
41.9 
41.6 
62. S 
26.7 
62.5 
68.6 
97.8 
72.1 
68.5 
67.2 
24.0 
8.8 
13.7 
0.3 
7.4 
16.7 
31.2 
9.7 
2.2 
2.0 
19.2 
12.4 
17.9 
19.2 



Per cent of 
increase. 



25.2 



24.0 

18.0 

14.2 

0.2 

2.6 

23.7 

12.9 

20.6 

19.5 

13.2 

21.3 

17.3 

10.7 

10.6 

16.0 

22.2 

66.9 

13.2 

11.1 

19.0 

5.7 

8.9 

18.3 

16.1 

18.4 

24.9 

1.7 

8.4 

26.5 

34.6 

32.9 

223.4 

251.3 

26.9 

14.4 

18.2 

20.3 

17.2 

28,8 

17.7 

31.4 

41.3 

42.5 

45.8 

55.6 

39.1 

42.0 

49.3 

27.1 

16.8 

32.6 

4.8 

26.3 

66.9 

57.3 

37.6 

6.4 

27.4 

14.9 

18.7 

12.4 

12.6 

8.6 

10.2 

26.9 

29.5 

23.1 

10.1 

11.3 

6.8 

10.9 

34.9 

61.1 

151.4 

307.1 

139.7 

59.5 

30.0 

67.5 

1,278.0 

213.5 

48.0 

43.9 

27.6 



18S0 



Aggregate 
population. 



4 50,155,783 



48, 688, 

3, 792, 

54, 

104: 

187: 

566 

689, 

166 

9, 528, 

1,216, 

2, 600, 

1,733, 

756, 

986, 

3, 900 

432, 

176: 

224: 

186, 

514; 

381 

139: 

513, 

408, 

38' 

4, 982, 

437; 

1,008 

1,773: 

369, 

1,346, 

47 

67 

26, 416, 

601 

1, 205, 

472 

700, 

119, 

145, 

235, 

319, 

361 

121 

24, 

119, 

112, 

20, 

21, 984, 

348, 

1, 998, 

479 

209 

80 

54; 

218, 

374 

320, 

9, 469, 

1,188 

595, 

2.50, 

353 

192 

280, 

349, 

538, 

48' 

392, 

483: 

1,696, 

75, 

2,834, 

53: 

6: 
275: 

630; 

390, 

1, 109, 

4 

26 

352, 

768, 

346: 

149 



Aggregate 

population 

per square 

mile. 



22.7 

67.1 

7,1 

15.0 

21.2 

121.5 

61.4 

95.6 

108.1 

90.6 

177.9 

63.5 

52.5 

76.8 

27.2 

42.3 

3,5,4 

25.4 

36.4 

28.5 

40.5 

86.0 

35.7 

34.7 

27.9 

38,1 

32.8 

77.7 

83.3 

24.3 

32.5 

1.8 

1.8 

15.7 

30.7 

27.4 

24.7 

30.0 

12.7 

18,3 

11.4 

17.7 

8.0 

3.2 

1.6 

10.3 

0.9 

0.4 

17.8 

27.2 

62.3 

46.9 

16.3 

9.1 

7.1 

13.6 

29.6 

22.8 

47.0 

29.2 

34.1 

37.2 

38.3 

56.5 

21.0 

48.2 

55.7 

88.8 

64.8 

64.1 

51.6 

17.8 

5.5 

44 

0.1 

8.1 

10.4 

24.0 

5.8 

0.2 

0.6 

13.0 

8.6 

14.0 

14.8 



1 Does not include the area of Alaska or Hawaii. 

- Does not include the population of Alaska or Hawaii or 91,219 persons in the military and naval service of the United States stationed abroad. 

2 Does not include the population of Alaska. 

' Does not include the population of Alaska or Indian Territory. 
5 Decrease. 



Table 1 DISTRIBUTION OF THE AGGEEGATE POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH DRAINAGE BASINS: 1900, 

1890, AND 1880— Continued. 





Land area 
(square 
miles). 


1900 


1890 


1880 


DEAINAGE BASINS. 


Aggregate 
population. 


.Aggregate 

population 

per square 

mile. 


Per cent of 
increase. 


Aggregate 
population. 


Aggregate 

population 

per square 

mile. 


Per cent of 
increase. 


Aggregate 
population. 


Aggregate 

population 

per square 

mile. 




204,035 
32, 394 
30,422 

623, 941 

251,312 
46, 097 
27,082 
25, 852 
22,261 
67, 420 
63,230 
30, 752 
15,451 

220, 386 
10,460 

111,747 
22,058 


400,855 

219, 693 

9,481 

2,854,623 

335,800 

48, 018 

71,943 

32, 884 

20,823 

106, 751 

469,963 

221,004 

32,255 

785,696 

142, 748 

232, 156 

80,356 


2.0 
6.8 
0.3 
4.6 
1.3 
1.0 
2.7 
1.3 
0.9 
1.6 
7.4 
7,2 
2.1 
3.6 
13.6 
2.1 
3.6 


27.2 
32.0 
19.2 
35.1 
62.1 
63.3 
24.0 
67.9 
8,5.6 
79.2 
17.2 
30.2 
27.0 
52.1 
24.9 
68.8 
92.1 


315, 162 

166,421 

10, 447 

2,112,828 

207, 172 

29,405 

58,032 

19,586 

11,218 

59,572 

401,143 

169,701 

25, 400 

616,472 

114,324 

137, .542 

41,826 


1.5 
5.1 
0.3 
3.4 
0.8 
0.6 
2,1 
0.8 
0.5 
0.9 
6.3 
5.5 
1.6 
2.3 
10.9 
1.2 
1.9 


36.1 
52.8 

134.7 
71.0 
66.4 

140.1 
68.7 
71.7 
20.1 
60.9 
20.2 
51.0 
27.7 

137.8 
64.2 

136,5 

389.0 


231,523 

108,907 

15, 995 

1,235,540 

124,505 

12,245 

34,392 

11,409 

9,341 

37,016 

333, 680 

112, 381 

19,889 

217,185 

69,605 

58,148 

8,554 




Great Salt Lake ... 


3 4 


TTunihnlrlfRivpr 


5 


Pacific Ocean 


2 








3 


Grand River 


1 3 




4 


Little Colorado River. . 


4 


G ila River 


5 


Sacramento River . . 


5 3 




3 7 


Klamath River . . 


1 3 


Onlnmhin River 


1 


Willamette River ... 


6 7 




5 


Clark Fork River 


4 







1 Decrease. 

Table 2.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE FOREIGN BORN POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH DRAINAGE BASINS: 1900, 

1890, AND 1880. 



DRAINAGE BASINS. 



The United States. 



Atlantic Ocean 

New England coast 

St. Johns River 

Penobscot River 

Kennebec River 

Merrimac River 

Connecticut River 

Housatonlc River 

Middle Atlantic coast 

Hudson River 

Delaware River 

Susquehanna River .. 

Potomac River 

Chesapeake Bay 

South Atlantic coast 

James River 

Chowan River 

CapG Fear River 

Neuj^e River 

Pedee River 

Roanoke River 

Pamlico River 

Santee River 

Savannah River 

Altamaha River 

Great Lakes 

St. Lawrence River . . . 

Lake Ontario , 

Lake Erie 

Lake Huron , 

Lake Michigan 

Lake Superior 

Red River of the North . . 
Gulf of .Mexico 

Apalachicola River .. 

Mobile River 

Tombigbee River. 
Alabama River 

Fascagoula River 

Pearl River 

Sabine River 

Trinity River 

Brazos River 

Colorado River 

Nueces River 

San Antonio River .. . 

Rio Grande River 

Pecos River 



Land area 
{square 
miles). 



1, 142, 254 

56, 513 

7,684 

6,973 

8, 825 

4,662 

11,233 

1,744 

88, 183 

13, 433 

14, 057 

27,288 

14, 426 

12, 838 

143, 464 

10, 219 

4,971 

8,843 

6,106 

18, 059 

9,409 

3,879 

14, 384 

11,777 

13, 887 

130, 893 

13, 327 

12, 972 

21,279 

15, 195 

41, 491 

26, 629 

36, 699 

., 686, 502 

19, 613 

43, 946 

19, 092 

23, 345 

9,409 

7,907 

20, 590 

18,066 

46, 106 

38,643 

15,632 

H,627 

128, 372 

47, 780 



Foreign born 
population. 



= 10,341,276 



9,631,454 

1,408,693 

13, 732 

11, 281 

28,541 

240, 335 

220, 467 

59, 878 

2, 734, 614 
309, 083 
697, 691 
235, 186 

31,861 

89, 958 

37, 198 

12, 369 

757 

965 

602 

1,089 

1, 432 

267 

2,172 

8, 910 

1,760 

1, 556, 001 

65, 513 

195, 197 

536, 563 

127, 511 

512, 172 

119,045 

134,211 

3, 760, 737 

3,786 
12,809 

5, .575 

6,452 

1,984 
840 

3,631 
12, 296 
30, 136 
16, 509 

9,416 
32, 532 
39,414 

6,747 



Foreign 
born popu- 
lation per 
square 
mile. 



3.5 



4.5 

24.9 

1.8 

1.6 

3,2 

61.6 

19.6 

34,3 

31.0 

23.1 

49.6 

8.6 

2.2 

7.0 

0,3 

1.2 

0,2 

0,1 

0.1 

0.1 

0.2 

0.1 

0.2 

0.3 

0,1 

11,9 

4,9 

15.0 

26.2 

8.4 

12.3 

4.5 

3.7 

2.2 

0.2 

0.3 

0.3 

0.2 

0.2 

0.1 

0.2 

0.7 

0.7 

0.4 

0.6 

2.8 

0.3 

0.1 



Per cent of 
increase. 



n.8 



12.1 
27.2 
15.6 
13.1 
.31.6 
27.0 
25.1 
29,1 
21.1 

8.2 
16.8 

5,6 
'0.9 

1.2 

2.1 
26.0 
66,3 
10,9 
39.7 
14.6 
614.8 
'4.3 

1.3 
'6.3 
'6.2 

.5.1 

'2.7 

'2.2 

10. S 

'14.1 

1.6 
54.4 
24.3 

4.5 

9.5 

0.5 
'2.2 

2.4 

11.8 

'10.0 

25.3 

1.6 
22.9 

0.9 
12.8 
31.2 
27.6 
65.6 



1890 



Foreign born 
population. 



3 9,249,560 



8, 590, 146 

1, 107, 238 

11,874 

9,975 

21, 684 

189, 187 

176, 258 

46, 369 

2, 258, 102 

286, 084 

597, 102 

222, 671 

32, 146 

88, 907 

36, 433 

9,818 

808 

870 

431 

960 

1,6.80 

279 

2,144 

4,174 

1,876 

1,481,015 

67, 362 

199, 674 

484, 341 

148, 386 

504, 2.59 

77, 094 

107, 994 

3, 699, 364 

3,458 

12, 801 

6,701 

6, 323 

1,774 

933 

2,819 

12, 107 

24,520 

10, 364 

8,347 

24, 790 

30, 881 

3,471 



Foreign 
born popu- 
lation per 
square 
mile. 



4.0 

19.6 

1,6 

1,4 

2,6 

40.6 

1.5.7 

26.6 

2.5.6 

21.3 

42.6 

8.2 

2.2 

6.9 

0.3 

1.0 

0.2 

0,1 

0.1 

0.1 

0.2 

0.1 

0.1 

0.4 

0.1 

11.3 

5.1 

15.4 

22.8 

9.8 

12.2 

2.9 

2.9 

2.1 

0.2 

0.3 

0.3 

0.2 

0.2 

0,1 

0.1 

0.7 

0.5 

0.4 

0.5 

2.1 

0.2 

0.1 



Percent of 
increase. 



38.0 
45.4 
26.0 
40.1 
63.6 
53,4 
37,2 
46.9 
84.6 
22.7 
36.7 
42.3 
'2.9 
19.1 
17.0 
28.5 
'23.0 
'12.1 
'18.7 
'7.9 
20.1 
'18.4 
'13.9 
'3.8 
18.7 
35.3 
'4.4 
1.5.9 
36.2 
28.8 
40.6 
241.4 
230.0 
36.9 
23.5 
62.4 
120.4 
86.3 
'8.5 
'15.9 
38.1 
64.9 
53.4 
32.1 
25.0 
36.7 
39.7 
63.5 



1880 



Foreign bom 
population 



<6, 679, 943 



6,226,158 

761,266 

9,423 

7,120 

14,128 

123, 312 

128, 450 

31,772 

1, 677, 299 

233, 180 

436, 740 

156, 445 

33, 096 

74, 677 

31,139 

7,643 

1,049 

990 

530 

1,032 

1,399 

342 

2,489 

4,aio 

1,580 

1,094,776 

70, 492 

172, 214 

356, 597 

116, 189 

358,701 

22, 682 

32, 726 

2, 628, 963 

2,799 

7,882 

2,587 

2,857 

1,938 

1,110 

2,041 

7, 341 

15, 989 

12,386 

6,680 

18, 264 

22,100 

2, 123 



Foreign 
born popu- 
lation per 

square 
mile. 



2.2 



2.9 
13.5 
1.2 
1.0 
1.6 
26.5 
11.4 
18.2 
19.0 
17.4 
3L1 
5.7 
2.3 
6.8 
0.2 
0.7 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.2 
0.4 
0.1 
8.4 
6.3 
13.3 
16.7 
7.6 
8.6 
0.8 
0.9 
1.6 
0.1 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.4 
0.4 
O.S 
0.4 
1.0 
0.2 



1 Does not include the area of Alaska or Hawaii. 

2 Does not include the population of Ala.'ska or Hawaii or 16,368 persons of foreign birth in the military and naval service of the United States stationed abroad 
' Does not include the population of Alaska. 

< Does not include the population of Alaska or Indian Territory. 
' Decrease. 
Less than 0.1. 



8 

Table 2.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE FOREIGN BORN POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH DRAINAGE BASINS:' 1900, 

1890, AND 1880— Continued. 



DKAINAGE BASINS. 



Land area 
(square 
miles). 



1900 



Foreign bom 
population. 



Foreign 
born popu- 
lation per 

square 
mile. 



Per cent of 
increase. 



1890 



Foreign bom 
population 



Foreign 
born popu- 
lation per 

square 
mile. 



Per cent of 
increase. 



1880 



Foreign born 
population. 



Foreign 
bom popu- 
lation per 

square 
mile. 



Atlantic Ocean — Continued. 
Gulf of Me.icico— Continued. 

Mississippi River 

Yazoo River 

Illinois River 

Rock River 

■Wisconsin River 

Chippewa River 

St. Croix River 

Minnesota River 

Cedar River 

Des Moines River 

Ohio River 

Tennessee River 

Cumberland River . 

Kentucliy River 

Green RiVer 

Licldng River 

Kanawha River 

Monongahela River 
Allegheny River . . . 

Miami River 

Seioto River 

Muskingum River.. 

Wabash River 

Big Sandy River 

Missouri River 

Big Sioux River 

Yellowstone River . 

Platte River 

Kansas River 

Osage River 

Arkansas River 

Cimarron River 

Canadian River 

White River 

Red River (Louisiana) . 

Ouachita River 

St. Francis River 

Great Basin 1 

Great Salt Lake 

Humboldt River 

Pacific Ocean 

Colorado River 

Green River 

Grand River , 

San Juan River 

Little Colorado River 

Gila River 

Sacramento River 

San Joaquin River 

Klamath River 

Columbia River 

Willamette River 

Snake River 

Clark Fork River , 



1, 235, 334 
12, 803 

32. 081 
10, 231 
12,823 

8,818 

7,655 

16,109 

12, 657 
14, 025 

201,437 

40, 696 

17, 482 

6,736 

9,236 

3,400 

13, 374 
7,255 
9,660 
6,489 
6,065 
7,542 

32,913 
4,233 

620, 086 
10,009 
70, 119 
89,742 
60, 436 
16, 254 

191, 174 
27,295 
41,853 
27,135 
89,219 
24,648 
10, 132 

204,035 
32, 394 
30,422 

623, 941 

2.51, 312 
46,097 

27. 082 
25, 8.52 
22, 261 
67, 420 
63, 230 
30, 7.52 
15, 451 

220, 386 
10, 460 

111,747 
22,068 



i, 503, 626 

2, 132 

810, 264 

113, 320 

70, 146 

44, 607 

42, 676 

104,118 

72. 250 

63, 195 

770, 917 

8,633 

6,440 

2,807 

2,163 

9,614 

4,027 

86, 966 

127, 375 

47, 132 

24, 568 

31,924 

92, 883 

1,015 

652, 656 

41, 792 

8, .558 

132, 864 

125, 673 

20, 747 

99, 107 

7,236 

6,255 

6,621 

13, 781 

3,229 

4,471 

79, 414 

45, 434 

2, 386 

630, 408 

69, 891 

9,920 

14, 905 

2, 611 

1, 059 

24, 728 

106, 489 

61, 1.53 

5,373 

138, 662 

21,828 

30, 048 

23, 536 



2.8 
0.2 
26.3 
11.1 
5.5 
6.1 
6.6 
6.5 
5.7 
4.5 
3.8 
0.2 
0.4 
0.4 
0.2 
2.8 
0.3 
12.0 
13.2 
8.6 
4.1 
4.2 
2.8 
0.2 
1.3 
4.2 
0.1 
1.5 
2.1 
1.3 
0.6 
0.3 
0.1 
0.2 
0.2 
0.1 
0.4 
0.4 
1.4 
0.1 
1.0 
0.2 
0.2 
0.6 
0.1 
I 
0.4 
1.7 
1.7 
0.3 
0.6 
2.1 
0.3 
1.1 



C=) 



3.7 

0.9 

17.8 

16.7 

0.3 

U.7 

27.1 

3.4 

13.6 

4.8 

6.0 

116.9 

118.6 

127.3 

121.7 

118.9 

14.7 

56.8 

29.6 

114.4 

114.1 

112.5 

11.3 

62.4 

12.8 

7.1 

98.1 

17.2 

114.3 

115.2 

16.6 

146.0 

125.9 

4.6 

41.8 

12.5 

117.8 

13.3 

2.6 

130.4 

9.2 

20.1 

27.5 

7.3 

21.7 

46.6 

25.8 

0.1 

14.1 

15.9 

28.2 

15.3 

33.8 

40.1 



3, 377, 195 

2, 112 

687, 719 

121, 449 

69,942 

46, 359 

33, 578 

100, 707 

74, 969 

60, 273 

727, 197 

10, 389 

7,918 

3,8.59 

2,762 

11,734 

4, 224 

65, 466 

98, 247 

55,085 

28,597 

36,503 

94, 064 

625 

671, 310 

39,019 

4,321 

143, 219 

146,687 

24,467 

84,962 

2,942 

2,769 

6,328 

9,717 

3,312 

6,440 

82, 104 

44,261 

3,426 

677,310 

49,853 

7,779 

13, 890 

2. 145 

723 

19, 654 

106,422 

44, 838 

5,708 

108, 133 

18, 935 

22, 455 

16,798 



2.7 
0.2 
21.4 
11.9 
5,5 
6.1 
4.4 
6.3 
6.9 
4.3 
3.6 
0.3 
0.5 
0.6 
0.3 
3.5 
0.3 
7.6 
10.2 
10.0 
4.7 
4.8 
2.9 
0.1 
1.3 
3.9 
0.1 
1.6 
2.4 
1.6 
0.4 
0.1 
0.1 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.5 
0.4 
1.4 
0.1 
0.9 
0.2 
0.2 
0.6 
0.1 



(=) 



0.3 
1.7 
1.5 
0.4 
0.5 
1.8 
0.2 
0.8 



37.6 

114.5 

66.3 

7.3 

31.1 

77.0 

61.7 

34.0 

9.9 

44.9 

17.7 

68.6 

80.1 

11.3 

14.3 

13.3 

34.6 

87.3 

52.1 

10.5 

3.0 

7.1 

11.5 

392.1 

86.3 

162.1 

380.1 

106.7 

54.1 

26.4 

68.6 

871. 

238.1 

73.3 

15.6 

10.4 

19.7 

4.7 

26.1 

154.3 

53.8 

42.9 

97.6 

58.7 

122.6 

20.3 

23.7 

2.3 

31.9 

19.3 

138.0 

115.4 

71.0 

267.9 



2,456,478 

2, 471 

440, 090 

113, 187 

53, 343 

26, 624 

20, 767 

75, 127 

68, 226 

41, 604 

617,773 

6, 5,51 

6, 081 

3,466 

2,887 

12,137 

3,138 

29, 618 

64, .592 

56, 361 

27, 763 

34, 090 

95, 475 

127 

360, 414 

15, 478 

900 

69, 283 

95,172 

19, 339 

50, 431 

303 

819 

3,651 

8,404 

3,324 

6,026 

78, 453 

85, 110 

7,498 

376, 332 

34, 882 

3,938 

8,766 

964 

601 

15,885 

104, 016 

33, 996 

6,293 

45, 426 

8,789 

13, 131 

4, 566 



("■) 



(■) 



{-) 



2.0 
0.2 
13.7 
11.1 
4.2 
2.9 
2.7 
4.7 
5.4 
3.0 
3.1 
0.2 
0.3 
0.5 
0.3 
3.6 
0.2 
4.1 
6.7 
10.1 
4.6 
4.5 
2.9 

0.7 
1.5 

0.8 
1.6 
1.2 
0.3 



0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.6 
0.4 
1.1 
0.2 
0.6 
0.1 
0.1 
0.3 



0.2 
1.6 
1.1 
0.4 
0.2 
0.8 
0.1 
0.2 



1 Decrease. 



'Less than 0.1. 



Table 3.— DISTRIBUTION OF 



THE NEGRO POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH DRAINAGE BASINS: 1900, 1890, 
AND 1880. 





Land area 
(square 
miles). 


1900 


1890 


j ISSO 


DRAINAGE BASINS. 


Negro popu- 
lation. 


Negro 
population 
per square 

mile. 


Per cent of 
increase. 


Negro popu- 
lation. 


Negro 
population 
per square 

mile. 


Per cent of 
increase. 


Negro popu- 
lation. 


Negro 

population 

per square 

mile. 


The United States 


12,970,230 


= 8,833,991 


3.0 


18.0 


3 7,488,676 


2.6 


13.8 


'6,580,793 








Atlantic Ocean 


2,142,254 

56,513 

7,684 

6,973 

8,825 

4, 662 

11, 233 

1,744 

88,183 

13,433 

14, 057 

27, 288 

14,426 

12,838 


8,814,,S.-)7 

58,363 

66 

197 

311 

6,300 

7, .543 

4,149 

819, 572 

20,653 

147, 664 

26, .580 

190,877 

314, 327 


4.1 
1.0 

^\.4 
0.7 
2.4 
9.3 
1.5 
10.5 
0.9 
13.2 
24.5 


18.0 

33.3 

15.8 

99.0 

4.7 

64.2 

24.9 

21.6 

16.9 

27.9 

42.0 

0,6 

6.4 

5.3 


7, 470, 313 

43,787 

57 

99 

297 

3,836 

6,041 

3,414 

706,973 

16, 143 

103, 974 

25,444 

179, 435 

298.388 


3.6 
0.8 

0.5 
2.0 
8.0 
1.2 
7.4 
0.9 
12.4 

23.2 


13.7 

12.2 

21.3 

•20.8 

612.9 

21.4 

1.5 

0.1 

6.1 

«0.8 

21.2 

10.0 

3.2 

1.3 


6,572,454 

39, 013 

47 

125 

341 

3,161 

6,952 

3,411 

666,044 

16, 280 

85,797 

23, 130 

173, 787 

294,555 


3 1 




0.7 

P) 
(») 

*'^7 


St. Johns River 


Penobscot River 


Kennebec River 


Merrimac River 






Housatonic River 


2 


Middle Atlantic eoa-st 








Delaware River 


6.1 
0.8 
12.0 
22.9 


Susquehanna River 




Chesapeake Bay 



1 Does not include the area of Alaska or Hawaii. 

2Doe3 not include the population of Alaska or Hawaii or 6,394 persons of 
negro descent in the military and naval service of the United States stationed 
abroad. 



3 Does not include the population of Alaska. 

■iDoes not include the population of Alaska or Indian Territory. 

& Less than 0.1. 

•^ Decrease. 



Table 3.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE NEGRO POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH DRAINAGE BASINS: 1900, 1890, AND 

1880— Continued. 



DEAINAGE BASINS. 



Atlantic Ocean— Continued. 

South Atlantic coast 

James Eiver 

Chowan Eiver 

Cape Fear River 

Neuse River 

Pedee River 

Roanoke River 

Pamlico River 

Santee River 

Savannah River 

Altamaha River 

Great Lakes 

St. Lawrence River 

Lake Ontario 

Luke Erie 

Lake Huron 

Lake Michigan 

Lake Superior 

Red River of the North 

Gulf of Mexico 

Apalachicola River 

Mobile River 

Tombigbee River 

Alabama River 

Pascagoula River 

Pearl River 

Sabine River 

Trinity River 

Brazos River 

Colorado River 

Nueces River 

San Antonio River 

Rio Grande River 

Pecos River 

Mississippi River 

Yazoo River 

Illinois River 

Rock River 

Wisconsin River 

Chippewa River 

St. CroLx River 

Minnesota River 

Cedar River 

Des Moines River 

Ohio River 

Tennessee River . . . 
Cumberland River . 

Kentucky River 

Green River 

Licking River 

Kanawha River 

Monongahcla River 
Allegheny River — 

Miami River 

Scioto River 

Muskingum River.. 

Wabash River 

Big Sandy River 

Missouri River 

Big Sioux River 

Yellowstone River . 

Platte River 

Kansas River 

Osage River 

Arkansas River 

Cimarron River 

Canadian River 

White River 

Red River (Louisiana). 

Ouachita River 

St. Francis River 

Great Basin 

Great Salt Lake 

Hiimboklt River 

Pacilir iicciiii 

Cnl.ira(i*» River 

Green River 

Grand River 

San Juan River 

Little Colorado River 

Gila River 

Sacramento River 

San Joaquin River 

Klamath Ri ver 

Columbia River 

WiUamctte River 

Snake River 

Clark Fork River 



Land area 
(square 
miles). 



143, 

10, 

4, 

8, 

5, 

18, 

9: 

3. 

14, 

11 

13, 

130, 

13: 

12: 

21: 

15: 

41, 

26 

36 

1,6S6: 

19; 

43, 

19 



7, 
20, 
18, 
45, 
38! 
lo! 
11 

128: 

47, 
1,235: 
12: 
32: 
10: 
12, 



16, 
12: 
14 
201 
40: 
17 
6, 



9, 
5, 
6, 
7, 

32, 

4, 

520, 

10, 

7o: 

89, 
60, 
16, 

191 
27, 
41 
27 
89, 
24, 
10, 

204 
32, 
30, 

623, 

251 
46, 
27, 
25, 
22, 
67 
63, 
30, 
15, 

220, 
10, 

111 
22 



1900 



Negro popu- 
lation. 



2, 469, 933 

260, 937 

106,643 

103, 275 

102, 681 

289, 117 

182, 859 

89,454 

324, 609 

285, 850 

285, 190 

45,047 

983 

6,468 

24,454 

1,514 

10, 987 

641 

240 

5,421,702 

435, 321 

770, 050 

334, 221 

416, 611 

81, 280 

95, 951 

126, 606 

98, 956 

142, 586 

39,483 

1,486 

41,554 

2, 397 

487 

2,876,410 

322, 678 

45,745 

1,515 

232 

61 

163 

164 

877 

4,135 

882, 589 

237, 642 

151,757 

56, 536 

58,967 

25, 866 

32,927 

17,160 

8,874 

20,056 

19, 807 

5, 030 

4.5,804 

8,009 

137,155 

106 

165 

6,623 

27,520 

15, 647 

212, 993 

12,101 

14,290 

75, 812 

511,662 

237, 072 

31,032 

1.783 

453 

34 

17,354 

3.232 

436 

429 

173 

327 

1,442 

3,685 

1,800 

49 

3,013 

339 

412 

437 



Negro 
population 
per square 

mile. 



P> 



17.2 
25.5 
21.5 
11.7 
20.1 
16.0 
19.4 
23.1 
22.6 
24.3 
20.5 
0.8 
0.1 
0.5 
1.1 
0.1 
0.3 



22.2 

17! 6 

17.5 

17.8 

8.6 

12.1 

6.1 

6,5 

3.2 

1.0 

0.1 

3.6 



r-) . 



25.2 
1.4 
0.1 



0.1 
0.3 
4.4 
5.8 
8.7 
8.2 
6.4 
7.6 
2.5 
2.4 
0.9 
3.7 
3.3 
0.7 
1.4 
1.9 
0.3 



0.1 
0.5 
1.0 
1.1 
0.4 
0.3 
2.8 
5.7 
9.6 
3.1 



0.1 
0.1 



Per cent of 
increase. 



13.3 
14.9 

5.3 

9.6 
15.2 
14.7 
16.0 
10.1 
17.4 
10.1 
18.9 
19.3 
110.3 

5.8 
26.0 

5.1 
18.2 
68.2 
110.1 
20.6 
20.2 
18.9 
17.3 
20.0 
35.8 
25.9 
33.4 
29.3 
27.4 
25.4 
16.6 
27.8 
32.9 
53.6 
16.9 
22.2 
68.8 
18.5 
1 27. 5 
136.1 
47.1 
40.2 

4.4 
40.5 
10.6 

6.5 

6.0 
10.7 

2.9 

1.3 
16.1 
69.9 
64.0 
13.3 
10.7 
12.1 
33.1 
146.4 

1.9 

17.0 

156.5 

1.4 

1.1 
16.6 
29.3 
298.5 
168.6 
15.2 
18.2 
12.6 
25.5 
12.4 

6.8 
134.6 

3.4 
10.7 
135.1 
19.3 
123.1 
17.6 
111.8 
111.4 

0.4 

168.6 

30.8 

1 4.8 

62.0 

116.4 



1890 



Negro popu- 
lation. 



2,180,418 

227, 130 

101,237 

94,264 

89, 184 

252, 014 

194,615 

81,243 

276, 411 

259, 604 

239, 818 

37,744 

1,096 

6,113 

19, 415 

1,441 

9,298 

381 

267 

4,501,124 

362, 238 

647, 543 

284, 978 

347, 253 

59, 861 

76,226 

94, 917 

76, 647 

111, 953 

31,498 

1,274 

32, 517 

1,803 

317 

2, 469, 574 

264, 058 

27, 106 

1,278 

320 

94 

104 

117 

840 

2,943 

797, 797 

226, 291 

143, 133 

55, 912 

67, 290 

25,535 

28,605 

10, 098 

5,411 

17, 707 

17,887 

5,137 

34,408 

3,263 

134,641 

114 

379 

6,433 

27, 216 

16,754 

164, 777 

3,037 

6,321 

66, 830 

432, 897 

210, 516 

24, 721 

1,686 

424 

52 

16, 777 

2,920 

185 

473 

226 

278 

1,634 

4,159 

1,792 

156 

2,303 

366 

271 

523 



Negro 
population 
per square 

mile. 



16.2 

22.2 

20.4 

10.7 

17.5 

14.0 

20.7 

20.9 

19.2 

22.0 

17.3 

0.3 

0.1 

0.6 

0.9 

0.1 

0.2 






2.7 

18.5 

14.7 

14.9 

14.9 

6.4 

9.6 

4.6 

4.2 

2.5 

0.8 

0.1 

2.8 



2.0 

20.6 

0.8 

0.1 






0.1 
0.2 
4.0 
6.5 
8.2 
8.3 
6.2 
7.5 
2.1 
1.4 
0.6 
3.2 
2.9 
0.7 
1.0 
0.8 
0.3 



0.1 
0.6 
1.0 
0.9 
0.1 
0.1 
2.4 
4.9 
8.5 
2.4 



0.1 
0.1 



Per cent of 
increase. 



10.9 

7.9 

11.7 

5.3 

10.8 

14.5 

2.6 

12.1 

14.4 

14.1 

16.9 

6.5 

113.7 

18.9 

11.6 

13.3 

9.7 

246.4 

149.5 

16.4 

15.0 

12.1 

12.6 

12.1 

23.4 

15.1 

22.7 

33.1 

27.1 

14.2 

4.1 

25.9 

0.7 

28.9 

16.0 

22.3 

43.6 

121.7 

8.8 

42.4 

96.2 

17.9 

110.5 

43.6 

6.2 

6.2 

0.9 

13.1 

16.1 

16.6 

19.7 

30.0 

32.8 

13.2 

9.7 

6.8 

16.3 

135.9 

1,3.1 

192.3 

781.4 

16.6 

18.0 

7.1 

71.3 

11,680.8 

1,605.4 

49.0 

26.6 

26.1 

54.6 

89.0 

120. 8 

151.9 

123. 7 

333. 2 

740.9 

57.1 

681.8 

414.8 

619.8 

39.5 



80 
69. 

304. 

165. 

173. 

006. 



18S0 



Negro popu- 
lation. 



Negro 
population 
per square 

mile. 



1,965,908 

210, 467 

103, 036 

89, 562 

89, 897 

220, 069 

189, 711 

83, 014 

241,563 

227,456 

206. 092 
36, 441 

1,270 

6,709 

17, 390 

1,490 

8,472 

110 

107 

3,865,941 

316, 114 

577, 411 

253. 093 
309, 809 

48, 505 

66, 225 

77, 344 

57,624 

88.049 

27,581 

1,224 

25, 837 

1,791 

246 

2, 121, 117 

215, 896 

18,888 

1,633 

294 

66 

53 

127 

939 

2,049 

758, 171 

212,172 

141,885 

67, 720 

61,009 

27, 351 

23,906 

7,766 

4,074 

15, 641 

16,298 

4,810 

29,590 

1,383 

119, 081 

39 

43 

2,419 

23,061 

16,660 

96,170 

26 

312 

44,188 

341,913 

168, 270 

16,005 

839 

192 

108 

7,600 

674 

22 

301 

33 

54 

227 

2,981 

963 

98 

669 

134 

99 

74 



Bull. I- 



1 Decrease. 



• Less than 0.1. 



10 



Condensations of the preceding tables, showing the 
per cent of the aggregate population, of the foreign 
born population, and of the negro population found 
in the principal drainage basins of the country in the 
decades mentioned, are here presented: 

Table 4.— PER CENT OF THE AGGREGATE POPULATION. 



DRAINAGE BASINS. 



Atlantic Ocean 

New England coast . . 

Middle Atlantic coast 

South .Mlantic coast . 

Great Lakes 

Gulf of Mexico 

Great Basin 

Pacific Ocean 



1900 


1S90 


95.7 


96.1 


7.0 


7.1 


18.1 


18.1 


7.0 


7.2 


9.7 


9.9 


63.4 


53.4 


0.5 


0.4 


3.8 


3.4 



1S80 



97.1 
7.6 

19.0 
7.8 
9.9 

52.7 
0.5 
2.6 



Table 5.— PER CENT OF THE FOREIGN BORN 
POPULATION. 



DRAINAGE BASINS. 



Atlantic Ocean 

New England coast. . 

Middle Atlantic coast 

South Atlantic coast . 

Great Lakes 

Gulf of Mexico 

Great Basin 

Pacific Ocean 



93.1 
13.6 
26.4 
0.4 
1.5.0 
36.4 
0.8 
6.1 



92.9 

12.0 

24.4 

0.4 

16.0 

38.9 

0.9 

6.2 



1880 



93.2 
11.4 
25.1 
0.5 
16.4 
39.4 
1.2 
6.6 



Table 6.— PER CENT OF THE NEGRO POPULATION. 



DRAINAGE BASINS. 


1900 


1890 


1880 




99.8 
0.7 
9.3 

28.0 
0.5 

61.4 

0) 

0.2 


99.8 
0.6 
9.4 

29.1 
0.5 

60.1 

(■) 
0.2 


99.9 




0.6 




10 1 




29.9 




0.6 




68.7 




(■) 
0.1 


Pacific Ocean 







1 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 



DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH 
ALTITUDE. 

The following tables show the distribution of the 
aggregate, foreign born, and negro population with 
respect to altitude above sea level. Of the aggregate 
population nearly two-fifths live between 500 and 1,000 
feet above the sea. This proportion is slowh' dimin- 
ishing, the increase going in the main to higher alti- 
tudes. Three-fourths of the inhabitants live below 
1,000 feet, and more than nine-tenths below 1,500 feet. 
The distribution of the foreign born shows little diver- 
gence from that of the aggregate population, except 
in case of the lowest altitude represented — that is, below 
100 feet. Here is found one-fourth of the foreign 
born, while nearl}- one-sixth of the aggregate popula- 
tion is found in this region. The excess in the foreign 
born is in the eastern coast states. 

The distribution of negroes in accordance with alti- 
tude is, on the other hand, quite difl'erent. The pro- 
portion of the negroes in the low coast belt consider- 
ably exceeds that of the aggregate population, but is less 
than that of the foreign born, while in the area between 
100 and 500 feet is found very nearly one-half the 
negroes, as contrasted with little more than one-fifth of 
the aggregate population and less than one-sixth of the 
foreign born. At great altitudes are found practically 
no negroes, hence the habitat of negroes with regard to 
altitude maj^ be characterized broadly as being near sea 
level. 



Table T.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE AGGREGATE POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH ALTITUDE: 1900, 1S90, AND 1880. 





Land 

area 

(square 

miles). 


AGGREGATE POPULATION. 


INCRE.1SE. 


PER CENT OF 
INCREASE. 


PER CENT OF TOTAL. 


AGGREGATE 

POPULATION PEE 

SQUAP.E MILE. 




1900 


1890 


1880 


1890 

to 

1900 


1880 

to 
1890 


1890 

to 

1900 


1880 

to 
1890 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1900 


1890 


1880 


The United States. 


1 2, 970, 230 


2 76,994,575 


3 62,802,432 


•• 50, 155, 783 


13, 192, 143 


12,646,649 


21.0 


26.2 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


2.5.6 


21.1 


16.9 




184, 584 

376,372 

545, 480 

394,449 

217,241 

266, 170 

212, 851 

258, .570 

201,864 

144,337 

93, 141 

88,842 

22, 685 

13, 644 


12,104,275 

16,611,853 

29,402,207 

11,173,113 

3,119,745 

1, 568, 265 

389,950 

499, 813 

433,940 

302. 986 

181, 630 

99, 540 

65, 258 

42,000 


9,514,971 

13,841,396 

24,642,868 

9. 532, 880 

2, .532. 781 

1,249.311 

299,743 

373, 5.54 

313, .5.51 

215, 239 

128,302 

72, 479 

60,935 

34, 422 


7, 577, 648 

11, 605, 777 

20, 296, 769 

7,303,409 

1, 738, 138 

816,274 

123, 915 

174,817 

161, 328 

148, 309 

87, 347 

51,546 

38,402 

32,104 


2,589,304 

2,770,4.57 

4, 759, 339 

1,640,233 

686, 964 

318,954 

90, 207 

126,259 

120, 389 

87, 747 

63,328 

27, 061 

14, 323 

7,578 


1,937,323 

2,235,619 

4,346,099 

2,229,471 

794, 643 

433,037 

176,828 

198,737 

152, 223 

66,930 

40, 955 

20,933 

12,533 

2,318 


27.2 
20.0 
19.3 
17.2 
23.2 
25. 5 
30.1 
33.8 
38.4 
40.8 
41.6 
37.3 
28.1 
22.0 


2.5.6 
19.3 
21.4 
30.5 
4.5.7 
63.1 
141.9 
113.7 
94.4 
45.1 
46.9 
40.6 
32.6 
7.2 


15.9 

21.8 

38.7 

14.7 

4.1 

2.1 

0.5 

0.7 

0.6 

0.4 

0.2 

0.1 

0.1 

0.1 


1.5.2 
22.0 
39.2 
15.2 
4.0 
2.0 
0.5 
0.6 
0.5 
0.3 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 


1.5.1 

23.1 

40.5 

14.6 

3.5 

1.6 

0.2 

0.3 

0.3 

0.3 

0.2 

0.1 

0.1 

0.1 


65.6 

44.1 

53.9 

2S.3 

14.4 

6.9 

1.8 

1.9 

2.1 

2.1 

2.0 

2.6 

2.9 

3.1 


61.5 

36.8 

45.2 

/24.2 

11.7 

4.7 

1.4 

1.4 

1.6 

1.6 

1.4 

1.9 

2.2 

2.5 


41.1 
30.8 
37.2 
18.5 
8.0 
3.1 
0.6 
0.7 
0.8 


100 to 500 


500 to 1,000 


1.000 to 1,500 


1 500 to 2 000 . 


2,000 to 3,000 


3 000 to 4,000 


4,000 to 5.000 


5 000 to 6 000 


6,000 to 7,000 


7 000 to 8 000 . . . . 


9 


8,000 to 9,000 




9,000 to 10,000 

10,000 and over 


1.7 
2.4 



1 Does not Include the area of Alaska or Hawaii. 

2 Does not include the population of Alaska or Hawaii or 91,219 persons in the military and'naval service o£ the United States stationed abroad. 

3 Does not include the population of Alaska. 

< Does not include the population of Alaska or Indian Territory. 



11 

Table S.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE FOREIGN BORN POPULATION IN ACCORDAJSTCE WITH ALTITUDE: 1900, 1890, 

AND 1880. 





Land area 
(square 

miles). 


FOREIGN BOBN POPULATION. 


INCREASE. 


PER CENT OF 
INCREASE. 


PER CENT OF TOTAL. 


FOREIGN BORN POPULA- 
TION PER SQUARE MILE. 


ALTIXrDE (IN FEET). 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1890 

to 
1900 


18S0 

to 
1890 


1890 

to 
1900 


1880 

to 
1890 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1900 


• 
1890 


1880 


The United States. 


12,970,230 


210,341,276 


3 9,249,560 


4 6,679,943 


1, 091, 716 


2,569,617 


11.8 


38.5 


100.0 


100. 


100.0 


3.0 


3.1 


2.2 




184, .584 

376, 372 

545,480 

394,449 

217,241 

266, 170 

212, 851 

258,570 

201, 864 

144, 337 

93, 141 

38, .S42 

22, 685 

13,644 


2,603,676 

1,580,344 

3,806,736 

1,459,6.54 

410, 921 

132,805 

58,954 

89,036 

80, 871 

50,224 

29, 842 

15,596 

12, 965 

9,662 


2, 074, 762 

1,409,069 

3,586,840 

1,399,052 

' 363,296 

110,821 

47, 085 

78, 753 

74, 368 

45,861 

25, 539 

13, 955 

11,637 

8,622 


1,497,605 

1,087,678 

2,693,826 

9.51,049 

199, 524 

59, 250 

22,008 

45, 689 

41,762 

33, 146 

19,099 

10, 686 

9,554 

9,167 


528,914 

171,275 

219,896 

60, 602 

47,626 

21,984 

11,869 

10, 283 

6,503 

4,363 

4,303 

1,641 

1,418 

1,040 


677,157 

321,391 

893,014 

448, 003 

163,772 

51,571 

25,077 

33,164 

32, 606 

12,715 

6,440 

3,269 

1,983 

6 645 


25.5 

12.2 

6.1 

4.3 

13.1 

19.8 

25.2 

13.1 

S.7 

9.5 

16.8 

11.8 

12.3 

12.1 


88.5 
29.6 
33.2 
47.1 
82,1 
87.0 
113.9 
72.7 
78.1 
38.4 
33.7 
30.6 
20.8 
'■5.9 


25.2 

16.3 

86.8 

14.1 

4.0 

1.3 

0.6 

0.8 

0.8 

0.6 

0.3 

0.1 

0.1 

0.1 


22.4 

15.2 

38.8 

15.1 

3.9 

1.2 

0.5 

0.9 

0.8 

0.6 

0.3 

0.2 

0.1 

0.1 


22.4 

16.3 

40.3 

14.2 

3.0 

0.9 

0.3 

0.7 

0.6 

0.5 

0.3 

0.2 

0.2 

0.1 


14.1' 
4.2 
7.0 
3.7 
1.9 
0.5 
0.3 
0.3 
0.4 
0.3 
0.3 
0.4 
0.6 
0.7 


11.2 SI 


100 to 500 


3.7 
6.6 
3.5 
1.7 
0.4 
0.2 
0.3 
0.4 
0.3 
0.3 
0.4 
0.5 
0.6 


2.9 


600 to 1 000 


4.9 


1,000 to 1,.500 


2.4 


1,500 to 2,000 


0.9 


2,000 to 3.000 


0.2 


3,000 to 4,000 


0.1 


4 000 to 5,000 


2 


6,000 to 6,000 


0.2 


6.000 to 7,000 


0.2 


7 000 to 8000 


0.2 


8,000 to 9,000 


0.3 


9.000 to 10,000 

10,000 and over 


0.4 
0.7 



1 Does not include the area of Alaska or Hawaii. 
* 2 Does not include the population of Alaska or Hawaii or 15,368 persons of foreign hirth in the military and naval service of the United States stationed abroad. 

3 Does not include the population of Alaska. 

4 Does not include the population of Alaska or Indian Territory. 
6 Decrease. 

Table 9.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE NEGRO POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH ALTITUDE: 1900, 1890, AND 1880. 



ALTITUDE (IN FEET). 



Land area 
(square 
miles). 



The United States 

Below 100 

100 to 500 

500 to 1,000 

1,000 to 1,500 

1,.500 to 2,000 

2,000 to 3,000 

3,000 to 4,000 

4,000 to 6,000 

5,000 to 6,000 

6,000 to 7,000 

7.000 to 8.000 

8,000 to 9,000 

9.000 to 10,000 

10,000 and over 



12,970,230 



184, 

376, 

645, 

394, 

217, 

260, 

212, 

268, 

201, 

144, 

93, 

38, 

22, 

13, 



584 

372 

480 

449 

241 

170 ! 

.8.51 

570 

864 

337 

141 

842 

685 

644 



NEGRO POPULATION. 



1900 



2 8, 833, 994 



1, 980, 

4,261, 

2, 182, 

264, 

64, 

58, 

4, 

4, 

5, 

2, 

1, 



942 
933 
923 
759 
972 
911 
593 
449 
087 
769 
223 
789 
430 
214 



1890 



3 7,488,676 



1, 650, 415 

3, 664, 784 

1,903,290 

241,417 

59, 143 

52, 146 

4,366 

4,125 

4,498 

2,266 

1,000 

666 

365 

205 



1880 



4 6, 680, 793 



1,440,577 

3, 103, 276 

1,726,148 

213, 892 

46, 521 

42, 077 

2,688 

1,600 

1,714 

1.063 

440 

457 

264 

177 



INCREASE. 



1890 

to 
1900 



1, 345, 318 



330, 527 

697, 149 

279, 633 

23,342 

6,829 

6,765 

237 

324 

589 

603 

223 

123 

66 



1880 

to 

1890 



907,883 



209, 838 

461,. 509 

177, 142 

27, 525 

12, 622 

10, 069 

1, 768 

2, 525 

2, 7.84 

1,203 

560 

209 

101 

28 



PER CENT OF 
INCREASE. 



1890 

to 
1900 



18.0 



20.0 

19.6 

14.7 

9.7 

9.9 

13.0 

5.4 

7.9 

13.1 

22. 2 

22! 3 

18.5 

17.8 

4.4 



1880 

to 
1890 



13.8 



14.6 

14.9 

10.3 

12.9 

27.1 

23.9 

68.3 

167.8 

162.4 

113.2 

127. 3 

45.7 

38.3 

15.8 



PER CENT OF TOTAL. 



22.4 

48.2 
24.7 
3.0 
0.7 
0.7 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
& 



(») 



22.0 
47.6 
25.4 
3.2 
0.8 
0.7 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 



1880 



21.9 
47.2 
26.2 
3.3 
0.7 
0.6 



NEGRO POPULATION PEE 
SQUARE MILE. 



1900 



10.7 
11.3 
4.0 
0.7 
0.3 
0.2 



8.9 
9.5 
3.5 
0.0 
0.3 
0.2 
(«) 

b 



(') 



1880 



8.2 
3.2 
0.5 
0.2 
0.2 



{«) 



1 Does not include the area of Alaska or Hawaii. 

2 Does not include the population of Alaska or Hawaii or 6,394 persons of 
negro descent in the military and naval service of the United States stationed 
abroad. 

DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH 
PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS. 

For the purpose of classifying the population, the 
countiT has been divided into 18 districts or regions, 
diti'ering from one another in surface, climate, drainage, 
and altitude. These regions are described in full in 
Bulletin No. 149, of the Twelfth Census, entitled "A 
Discussion of Area and Population,'" and their limits 
are represented on the accompanjnng outline map. The 
following tables show in each of the divisions above 
mentioned, the number of inhabitants, clas.sLtied as aggre- 
gate, foreign born, and negro, at each of the last three 
censuses, namely, 1900, 1890, and 1880. They also show 
the numerical increase from census to census, the per 
cent of increase, the proportion of the population in 
each of the areas in question, and the density of popula- 
tion of each region at each of the three decades. 



3 Docs not include the population of Alaska. 

* Does not include the population of Alaska or Indian Territory. 

^ Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 

Less than 0.1. 

Considering the aggregate population, the mo-st 
denselj' settled of these areas is that of New England; 
next to that, the Appalachian Valley and the Piedmont 
Region; while the most spar.sely settled regions are 
those of the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountain 
country, the Plateau Region, and the Great Basin, where 
the rainfall is scanty and where agriculture depends 
upon irrigation. 

The largest proportion of the aggregate population, 
one-sixth, is found in the Prairie Region, the granary of 
the country. Next to that is the New England area, 
containing about one-,seventh, in which manufactures 
is the principal industiy. The Lake Region follows, 
with one-eighth of the population, and here manufac- 
tures and the cultivation of grain are the chief indus- 
tries. 

The table showing the distribution of the foreign 
born in accordance with physiographic regions shows 



12 



marked diflferences from that of aggregate population. 
The proportion of the foreign born found in New 
England i.s far higher than in any other region; the 
next in order is the Lake Region where is found 



nearlj' one-fourth of the whole foreign born element. 
The third in number of foreign born is the Prairie 
Region. In these areas are found more than two-thirds 
of ail of the foreign born of the country. 




The distribution of the negroes shows a wide diver- 
gence from that of the aggregate population and an 
almost complete reversal of the distribution of the 
foreign boi'n, more than two-tifths being found in the 



Coastal Plain, and one-tifth in the Piedmont Region. 
More than six out of ten of the negroes are found, 
therefore, in the lands east of the Appalachians and those 
bordering upon the Gulf coast. 



Table lO.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE AGGREGATE POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS: 

1900, 1890, AND 1880. 



DIVISIONS. 



The United States . . . 

New England hills 

Allegheny plateau 

Appalacli'ian valley 

Piedmont region 

Lake region 

Coastal plain 

Coast lowlands 

Interior timbered region . . 

Mississippi alluvial region 

Ozark hills 

Prairie region 

Great plains 

Rocky Mountaius 

Plateau region 

Great basin 

Columbian mesas 

Pacific valley 

Coast ranges 



Land area 
(square 
miles). 



1 2, 970, 230 



82, 696 

99, 539 

S4, 519 

89, 920 

173, 302 

2.54, 823 

82, 807 

lis, 326 

41, 713 

62, 195 

454, S91 

460, 994 

296, 220 

188, 422 

229, 869 

112,525 

106,549 

60, 820 



AGGREGATE POPULATION'. 



1900 



75,994,675 



10,260,153 

6,070,246 

4,499,072 

6, 809, 103 

9,571,215 

8, 402, 312 

1,865,9.52 

8, 129, 760 

1, 227, 094 

1,203,880 

13, 300, 970 

1, 052, 719 

592, 972 

201, 669 

376, 345 

356, 768 

995, 363 

1,079,992 



1890 



8 62,802,432 



8, 327, 332 

5, 137, 133 

3, 743, 504 

5, 837, 170 

7,49.5,804 

6, 956, 443 

1,4,56,3.52 

7,291,510 

990, 058 

949, 148 

11, 146, 342 

791,578 

406, 198 

104, 094 

302, 198 

231, 832 

792, 927 

843, 809 



< 50,155,783 



6,961,173 

4,294,671 

3, 055, 459 

6, 027, 768 

5, 299, 867 

6, 828, 766 

1,267,926 

6, 607, 034 

786, 546 

592. 144 

8, 543, 264 

247,025 

2,57, 299 

47, 786 

241, 079 

84,205 

476, 665 

638, 116 



INCREASE. 



1890 

to 
1900 



13,192,143 



1,932,821 
933, 113 
755, 668 
971,933 

2,075,411 

1,445,869 
409, 600 
8)38, 250 
237, 036 
254, 732 

2, 154, 628 
261,141 
187, 774 
97,575 
73, 147 
124, 926 
202, 436 
236, 183 



1880 

to 

1890 



12, 646, 649 



1, 366, 159 
842,462 
688,045 
809, 402 

2, 196, 947 

1, 127, 677 
188, 426 
684, 476 
203, 512 
357, 004 

2, 603, 078 
644, 553 
147, 899 
56,309 
61,119 
147,626 
317, 262 
305, 693 



PER CENT OF 
INCREASE. 



1890 

to 
1900 



21.0 



23.2 
18.2 
20.2 
16.7 
27.7 
20.8 
28.1 

n.5 

23.9 
26.8 
19.3 
33.0 
46.3 
93.7 
24.2 
53.9 
25.6 
28.0 



1880 

to 
1890 



25.2 



19.6 
19.6 
22.5 
16.1 
41.4 
19.3 
14.9 
10.4 
25.9 
60.3 
30.6 

220.4 
57.5 

117.8 
25.4 

175.3 
66.7 
66.8 



PER CENT OF 
TOTAL. 



1900 



100.0 



13.6 
8.0 
6.9 
8.9 

12.6 

11.0 
2.5 

10.7 
L6 
1.6 

17.5 
1.4 
0.8 
0.3 
0.5 
0.5 
1.3 
1.4 



1890 



100.0 



13.2 
8.2 
6.0 
9.3 

11.9 

11.1 
2.3 

11.6 
1.6 
1.6 

17.7- 
1.3 
0.6 
0.2 
0.5 
0.4 
1.3 
1.3 



100.0 



13.9 
8.6 
6.1 
10.0 
10.6 
11.6 
2.5 
13.2 
1.6 
1.2 
17.0 
0.5 
0.5 
0.1 
0.5 
0.2 
0.9 
1.0 



AGGREGATE 

POPULATION PER 

SQUARE MILE. 



1900 



25.6 



124.1 

61.0 

82.5 

75.7 

55.2 

33.0 

22.5 

68.7 

29.4 

19.4 

29.2 

2.3 

2.0 

1.1 

1.6 

3.2 

9.3 

17.8 



1S90 



1880 



100.7 
51.6 
68.7 
64.9 
43.3 
27.3 
17.6 

61.6 I 

23.7 ' 
16.3 
21. 5 

1.7 
1.4 
0.6 
1.3 
2.1 
7.4 
13.9 



84.2 

43.2 

66.0 

.55. 9 

30.6 

22.9 

15.3 

55. 8 

IS. 9 

9.5 

IS.S 

0.5 

0.9 

0.3 

1.0 

0.7 

4.5 



iDoes not include the area of Alaska or Hawaii. 

' Does not include the population of Alaska or Hawaii or 91,219 persons in the military and naval service of the United States stationed abroad. 

3 Does not include the population of Alaska. 

* Does not include the population of Alaska or Indian Territory. 



13 

Table 11.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE FOREIGN BORN POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS: 

1900, 1890, AND 1880. 



The United States . . . 

New England hills 

Allegheny plateau 

Appalachian valley 

Piedmont region 

Lake region 

Coastal plain 

Coast lowlands 

Interior timbered region . . 
Mississippi alluvial region 

Ozark hills 

Prairie region 

Great plains 

Rocky Mountains 

Plateau region 

Great basin 

Columbian mesas 

Pacific valley 

Coaat ranges 



Land area 
(sq^uare 
miles). 



1 2, 970, 230 



82, 696 

99, 539 

M,519 

89, 920 

173, 302 

254,823 

82, 807 

118, 326 

41, 713 

62. 195 

4.54, 991 

460, 994 

296, 220 

188, 422 

229, 869 

112, 525 

106, 549 

60, 820 



FOP.EIGK BOEN POPULATION'. 



1900 



2,921,460 

546, 773 

645, 447 

493,407 

2,471,741 

173, 698 

101, 275 

411, a58 

11, 107 

19, 819 

1,590, ,390 

181, 670 

118, 801 

36,438 

72, 560 

■ 47,855 

214,616 

282, 861 



1890 



3 9, 249, 560 



2,296,809 

560, 270 

446, 135 

457, 316 

2, 240, 863 

154,277 

93, 867 

464, 417 

10,234 

16, 655 

1,652,148 

148, 429 

90, 789 

27, 723 

76, 886 

36, 584 

199, 198 

276, 961 



1880 



< 6, 679, 943 



1,663,623 

412, 836 

310, 451 

a51, 504 

1,4.54,001 

119, 079 

90,648 

462, 063 

10, 382 

10, 684 

1,264,239 

46, 071 

63, 076 

17,845 

78,335 

14, 524 

127, 726 

192,856 



1890 

to 
1900 



1,091,716 



624, 651 

6 13, 497 

199, 312 

36, 092 

230, 878 

19,421 

7,408 

6 53, 0.59 

873 

3,164 

6 61,758 

33, 241 

28, 012 

8,715 

6 4, 326 

11, 271 

15, 418 

5,900 



1880 

to 
1890 



2, 569, 617 



633, 186 

147, 434 

135, 684 

105, 811 

786, 862 

35,198 

3,219 

2,354 

6148 

6,971 

387, 909 

102, 3.58 

37,713 

9,878 

6 1,449 

22, 060 

71,472 

84, 105 



PEE CENT OF 
INCREASE. 



1890 

to 

1900 



27.2 
6 2.4 
44.7 

7.9 
10.3 
12.6 

8.0 
6 11.4 

8.5 
19.0 
6 3.7 
22.4 
30.9 
31.4 
65.6 
30.8 

7.7 

2.1 



1880 

to 
1890 



38.1 
36.7 
43.7 
30.1 
54.1 
29.6 
3.6 
0.5 
61.4 
55.9 
30.7 

222. 2 
71.1 
65.4 
6 1.8 

161.9 
66.0 
43.6 



PER CENT OF 
TOTAL. 



1900 



28.2 
5.3 
6.2 
4.8 

23.9 
1.7 
1.0 
4.0 
0.1 
0.2 

15.4 
1.7 
1.1 
0.4 
0.7 
0.5 
2.1 
2.7 



1890 



24.8 
6.1 
4.8 
4.9 

24.2 
1.7 
1.0 
5.0 
0.1 
0.2 

17.9 
1.6. 
1.0 
0.3 
0.8 
0.4 
2.2 
3.0 



1880 



24.9 
6.2 
4.6 
5.3 

21.8 
1.8 
1.3 
6.9 
0.1 
0.2 

IS. 9 
0.7 
0.8 
0.3 
1.2 
0.2 
1.9 
2.9 



FOREIGN BORN 

POPULATION PER 

SQUARE MILE. 



1900 



35.3 
5.6 

11.8 
5.5 

14.3 
0.7 
1.2 
3.5 
0.3 
0.3 
3.5 
0.4 
0.4 
0.2 
0.3 
0.4 
2.0 
4.7 



1890 



27.8 
6.6 
8.2 
5.1 

12.9 
0.6 
1.1 
3.9 
0.2 
0.3 
3.6 
0.3 
0.3 
0.1 
0.3 
0.3 
1.9 
4.6 



20.1 
4.1 
5.7 
3.9 
8.4 
0.5 
1.1 
3.9 
0.2 
0.2 
2.8 
0.1 
0.2 
0.1 
0.3 
0.1 
1.2 



1 Does not include the area of Alaska or Hawaii. 

2 Does not include the population of Alaska or Hawaii or 15,368 persons of foreign birth in the military and naval .service of the United States stationed abroad. 

3 Does not include the population of Alaska. 

<Does not include the population of Alaska or Indian Territory. 
6 Decrease. 

Table 13.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE NEGRO POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS: 1900, 

1890, AND 1880. 



The United States... 

New England hills 

Allegheny plateau 

Appalachian valley 

Piedmont region 

Lake region 

Coastal plain 

Coast lowland.s 

Interior timbered region . . 
Mississippi alluvial region 

Ozark hills 

Prairie re^on 

Great plains 

Rocky Mountains 

Plateau region 

Great basin 

Columbian mesas 

Pacific valley 

Coast ranges 



Land area 
(square 
miles). 



12,970,230 



82, 696 

99, 539 

64, .519 

89, 920 

173, 302 

264, 823 

82, 807 

118,326 

41,713 

62, 195 

464, 991 

460, 994 

296, 220 

188, 422 

229, 869 

112, 525 

106,549 

60, 820 



NEGRO POPULATION. 



1900 



=8, 833, 994 



137, 553 

189, 267 

236, 365 

1,818,732 

70, 640 

3,626,836 

795, 582 

628, 371 

771,486 

57,478 

466, 417 

13, 401 

4,016 

2,428 

881 

1,471 

6,409 

7,671 



1890 



37, 488, 676 



96, 160 

152, 966 

217,941 

1, 605, 316 

. 47,136 

3,055,044 

633, 824 

579, 627 

646, 378 

44,332 

378.642 

10; 734 

4.030 

1,636 

1, 076 

864 

6,846 

7,137 



1880 



■16, 580, 793 



128, 366 

194, 091 

1,473,539 

35, 589 

2,646,219 

689, 757 

578, 738 

502, 599 

23, 872 

306, 989 

4, 9.54 

2,448 

166 

790 

145 

3,469 

3,177 



INCREASE. 



1890 

to 

1900 



1,346,318 



41,393 

36,312 

18,414 

213,416 

23, 504 

571,792 

161,768 

48,744 

126, 108 

13, 146 

87, 776 

2,667 

614 

793 

«194 

607 

«437 

534 



1880 

to 
1890 



907,883 



10, 274 

24, 690 

23,860 

131,777 

11,547 

408, 825 

44,067 

889 

143, 779 

20, 460 

71,6.53 

5,780 

1,.582 

1,469 

285 

719 

2,377 

3,960 



PEE CENT OF 
INCREASE. 



1890 

to 
1900 



18.0 



43.0 
23.7 

8.4 
13.3 
49.9 
18.7 
25.5 

8.4 
19.4 
29.7 
23.2 
24.8 
60.3 
48.5 
»18.0 
70.3 
07.5 

7.5 



18S0 

to 
1890 



12.0 

19.2 

12.3 

8.9 

32.4 

15.4 

7.5 

0.2 

28.6 

86.7 

23.3 

116.7 
64.6 

884.9 
36.1 

495.9 
68.5 

124.6 



PER CENT OF 
TOTAL. 



1900 



1.5 
2.1 
2.7 

20. 6 
0.8 

41.1 
9.0 
7.1 
8.7 
0.7 
5.3 
0.2 



0.1 
0.1 



1890 



1880 



100.0 



1.3 
2.0 
2.9 

22.4 
0.5 

40.2 
9.0 
8.8 
7.6 
0.4 
4.7 
0.1 
) 



0.1 



NEGRO POPULATION 
PER SQUARE MILE. 



1900 



3.0 



1.7 
1.9 
4.3 

20. 2 
0.4 

14.2 
9.6 
5.3 

18.5 
0.9 
1.0 

(6) 
6) 
6) 



0.1 
0.1 



1890 



2.5 



1.2 
1.5 
4.0 

17.9 
0.3 

12.0 
7.7 
4.9 

16. 5 
0.7 
0.8 



0.1 
0.1 



1880 



2.2 



1.0 
1.3 
3.6 

16.4 
0.2 

10.4 
7.1 
4.9 

12.0 
0.4 
0.7 

6) 



0.1 



' Does not Include the area of Alaska or Hawaii. 

2 Does not include the population of Alaska or Hawaii or 6,394 persons of negro 
descent in the military and naval service of the United States stationed abroad. 
' Does not include the population of Alaska. 



* Does not include the population of Alaska or Indian Territory. 
6 Less than 0.1. 

• Decrease. 

^ Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 



DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH LATITUDE. 



The di-stribution of the aggregate, native born, for- 
eign born, and negro population, in accordance with 
latitude, is presented in the following tables. Of the 
aggregate population, the greatest proportion, one- 
sixth, is found between the fortieth and forty-first par- 
allels of latitude, somewhat near the iniddl(> of the 
country, while between the thirty-ninth and forty- 
second parallels are found nearly two-fifths of the whole 
population, the proportion of the population diminish- 
ing northward and southward from this belt. 

The distribution of the native born population is 
practically the same as that of the aggregate population. 



The distribution of the foreign born shows features 
quite similar to that of the aggregate population, the 
greatest proportion being found in the same latitude — 
that is, between the fortieth and forty-first parallels — 
but north of this latitude the proportion is greater, and 
south of it, less. Taken as a whole, the foreign born 
tend toward higher latitudes than the aggregate popu- 
lation. 

The distribution of the negroes is quite different, 
the maximum number being found between the thirty- 
second and thirty-third parallels of latitude, where is 
found nearlv one-sixth of their total number: while 



14 



between the thirty-second and thirty-fifth parallels are 
found over two-fifths. Between the fortieth and forty- 
first parallels of latitude, where is found the maximum 
number of the aggregate population, the native born, 



and the foreign born, there are but 2.7 per cent of the 
negroes. This illustrates the fact that the negroes as 
a class occupy much lower latitudes than the aggregate 
population or the foreign born. 



Table 13.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE AGGREGATE POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE AVITH LATITUDE: 1900, 1890, AND 1880. 



AGGEEGATE POPULATION 
(IN THOUSANDS). 



DEGREES OF LATITUDE. 



1»00 



48-49 
47-48 
46-47 
4>46 
44-15, 
43-44 
42-43 
41-42, 
40-41 
39-40. 
38-89, 
37-38, 
36-37, 
3S-36, 
34-36. 
33-34. 
32-33. 
31-32. 
30-31, 
29-30. 
28-29. 
27-28. 
26-27. 
25-26. 
24-25. 



154 

378 

644 

940 

:,301 

;,316 

;,216 

,803 

238 

976 

621 

542 

666 

571 

320 

512 

279 

383 

088 

833 

107 

67 

22 

7 

18 



1880 



24 

86 

216 

631 

1,737 

2,764 

6,171 

6,016 

8,226 

6,974 

3,933 

2,839 

2,186 

2,053 

1,830 

1,929 

1,908 

1,076 

861 

668 

65 

40 

23 

1 

10 



PER CENT OF 
INCREASE. 



1890 

to 
1900 



93.5 
66.9 
54.6 
34.8 
16.0 
13.1 
17.7 
22.3 
23.0 
13.1 
14.5 
14.5 
26.4 
24.2 
22.9 
22.5 
23.4 
34.4 
31.8 
30.3 
38.3 
47.8 
27.3 
28.6 
= 5.6 



1880 

to 
1890 



541.7 
339.5 
151.9 
77.0 
32.5 
20.4 
20.2 
29.7 
24.5 
16.8 
15.0 
24.8 
22.0 
26.2 
26.8 
30.2 
19.4 
28.6 
26.4 
24.7 
64.6 
67.5 
2 4.4 
600.0 
80.0 



PER CENT OF AGGREGATE 

POPULATION BETWEEN 

THE PARALLELS. 



1900 



0.4 
0.8 
1.1 
1.7 
3.5 
4.9 
9.6 
12.6 
16.6 
10.4 
6.8 
5.3 
4.4 
4.2 
3.8 
4.0 
3.7 
2.4 
1.9 
1.4 
0.2 
0.1 

0) 

^'} 
(' 



1890 



0.2 
0.4 
1.1 
3.6 
6.5 
10.3 
12.0 
16.4 
11.9 
7.8 
6.7 
4.4 
4.1 
3.6 
3.8 
3.8 
2.1 
1.7 
1.3 
0.1 
0.1 

(' 

f 1 



AGGEEGATE POPULATION 
PER SQUARE MILE. 



900 


1890 


3.3 


1.7 


5.9 


3.5 


6.2 


4.0 


9.7 


7.2 


16.7 


14.4 


23.3 


20.6 


42.5 


36.1 


62.6 


43.0 


69.2 


66.3 


45.1 


39.8 


28.7 


26.0 


24.2 


21.1 


18.8 


16.0 


18.3 


14.8 


17.8 


14.4 


19.6 


15.9 


20.2 


16.4 


16.3 


12.1 


15.6 


11.9 


20.2 


15.5 


5.3 


3.8 


5.1 


3.4 


2.9 


2.3 


18.1 


14.1 


212.5 


225.0 



1880 



0.3 

0.8 

1.6 

4.1 

10.9 

17.1 

30-0 

33.2 

4.5.2 

34.1 

21.8 

16.9 

12.3 

11.8 

11.4 

12.2 

13.7 

9.4 

9.4 

12.4 

2.3 

2.0 

2.4 

2.0 

126.0 



INCREASE PER 
SQUARE MILE. 



1890 

to 
1900 



1.6 
2.4 
2.2 
2.6 
2.3 
2.7 
6.4 
9.6 
12.9 
5.3 
3.7 
3.1 
3.8 
3.5 
3.4 
8.6 
3.8 
4.2 
3.7 
4.7 
1.5 
1.7 
0.6 
4.0 
= 12.5 



1880 

to 
1S90 



1.4 
2.7 
2.4 
3.1 
3.5 
3.5 
6.1 
9.8 
11.1 
5.7 
8.2 
4.2 
2.7 
3.0 
3.0 
3.7 
2.7 
2.7 
2.6 
3.1 
1.5 
1.4 
= 0.1 
12.1 
100.0 



1 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 



- Decrease. 



Table 14.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE NATIVE BORN POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH LATITUDE: 1900, 1890, 

AND 1880. 



DEGEEES OF LATITUDE. 


NATIVE BORN POPULATION 
(IN THOUSANDS). 


PER CENT OF 
INCREASE. 


PER CENT OF NATIVE BORN 

POPULATION BETWEEN 

THE PARALLELS. 


NATIVE BORN POPULATION 
PER SQUARE MILE. 


INCREASE PER 
SQUARE MILE. 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1890 

to 
1900 


1880 

to 
1890 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1890 

to 
1900 


1880 

to 
1890 


48-49 

47^8 


199 

443 

589 

945 

2,112 

3,020 

5,693 

7,465 

10, 046 

7,136 

4, 789 

3,751 

3,302 

3,118 

2,793 

3,029 

2,776 

1,821 

1,409 

9.55 

131 

75 

21 

7 

9 


91 

264 

365 

670 

1,727 

2,S60 

4, 803 

6,004 

8,167 

6,187 

4,114 

3,234 

2, 643 

2,548 

2,272 

2,492 

2,2.52 

1, 3.56 

1,065 

718 

95 

47 

13 

5 

7 


13 

54 

151 

384 

1,334 

2,121 

4,120 

4,815 

6,669 

5,359 

3,526 

2,600 

2,165 

2,029 

1,801 

1,893 

1,901 

1,057 

845 

563 

57 

24 

7 

3 

6 


118.7 
67.8 
61.4 
41.0 
22.3 
18.0 
18.6 
24.2 
23.0 
15.3 
16.4 
16.0 
24.9 
23.5 
22.9 
21.5 
23.2 
34.4 
32.3 
33.0 
37.9 
59.6 
61.5 
40.0 
28.6 


600.0 
388.9 
141.7 
74.6 
29.5 
20.7 
16.6 
24.7 
22.6 
15.5 
16.7 
24.4 
22.6 
25.6 
26.2 
31.6 
18.5 
28.2 
26.0 
27.5- 
66.7 
95.8 
85.7 
66.7 
40.0 


0.3 
0.7 
0.9 
1.4 
3.2 
4.6 
8.7 
11.4 
15.8 
10.9 
7.3 
6.7 
5.0 
4.8 
4.3 
4.6 
4.2 
2.8 
2.1 
1.5 
0.2 
0.1 


0.2 
0.5 
0.7 
1.2 
3.2 
4.8 
8.9 
11.2 
15.2 
11.5 
7.7 
6.0 
4.9 
4.7 
4.2 
4.6 
4.2 
2.5 
2.0 
1.3 
0.2 
0.1 

<■} 
(') 
(') 


'''o.i 

0.3 
0.9 
3.1 
4.9 
9.5 
11.1 
15.3 
12.3 
8.1 
6.0 
5.0 
4.7 
4.1 
•4.4 
4.4 
2.4 
1.9 
1.3 
0.1 
0.1 
(I) 


2.2 
4.1 
4.4 
7.2 
13.2 
18.7 
33.0 
41.1 
55.2 
40.7 
26.6 
22 4 
18! 6 
18.1 
17.4 
19.2 
20.0 
16.0 
16.4 
18.0 
4.7 
3.8 
2.2 
14.1 
112.5 


1.0 

2.5 

2.7 

5.1 

10.8 

15.9 

27.9 

33.1 

44.9 

35.3 

22.8 

19.3 

14.9 

14.6 

14.1 

1.5.8 

16.2 

11.9 

11.6 

13.4 

3.4 

2,4 

1.4 

10.1 

87.5 


0.1 

0.5 

1.1 

2.9 

8.3 

13.2 

23.9 

26.6 

36.6 

:».6 

19.6 

15.5 

12.1 

11.6 

11.2 

12.0 

13.7 

9.3 

9.2 

10.6 

2.0 

1.2 

0.7 

6.0 

62.5 


1.2 
1.6 
1.7 
2.1 
2.4 
2.8 
5.1 
8.0 

10.3 
6.4 
3.7 
3.1 
3.7 
3.5 
3.3 
3.4 
3.8 
4.1 
3.8 
4.6 
1.3 
1.4 
0.8 
4.0 

25.0 


0.9 
2 


46^7 

45-46 


1.6 
2 '' 


44-45 




43^4 


2 7 


42^3 




41-42 


6 5 


40-41 




39^0 


4 7 


38-39 




37-38 


8.8 
2.8 


36-37- 


35-36 


34-35 


2 9 


33-34 


3.8 
2.5 
2.6 
2.4 
2.9 


32-33 


31-32. . 


30-31 


29-30. - - 


28-29 


27-28 


1 2 


26-27 




25-26 


4 1 


24-25.. . 


2.5.0 





1 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 



15 



Table 15.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE FOREIGN BORN POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH LATITUDE: 1900, 1890, 

AND 1880. 



DEGREES OF LATITUDE. 


FOREIGN BOEN POPULATION 
(IN THOUSANDS). 


PEK CENT OF 
INCREASE. 


PER CENT OF FOREIGN BORN 

POPULATION BETWEEN 

THE PARALLELS. 


FOREIGN BORN POPULATION 
PEE SQUARE MILE. 


INCREASE PEE 
SQUARE MILE. 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1890 

to 
1900 


1880 

to 
1890 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1890 

to 

1900 


1880 

to 
1890 


4S-49 


100 

187 

2.56 

312 

561 

752 

1,593 

2,102 

2.521 

792 

404 

273 

52 

44 

59 

38 

43 

34 

56 

103 

16 

25 

8 

3 

7 


66 

136 

195 

278 

579 

777 

1,419 

1,801 

2,045 

814 

439 

282 

42 

37 

47 

32 

42 

• 25 

48 

91 

12 

21 

9 

3 

10 


10 

33 

73 

110 

401 

626 

1,0.57 

1,202 

1,483 

694 

428 

227 

26 

23 

24 

18 

34 

18 

37 

84 

8 

16 

9 

4 

5 


51.5 
37.5 
31.3 
12.2 
13.1 
13.2 
12.3 
16.7 
23.3 
12.7 
18.0 
13.2 
23.8 
18.9 
25.5 
18.8 
2.4 
36.0 
16.7 
13.2 
33.3 
19.0 

111.1 
0.0 

130.0 


560.0 

312.1 

167.1 

98.6 

44.4 

24.1 

34.2 

49.8 

37.9 

17.3 

2.6 

24.2 

61.5 

60.9 

95.8 

77.8 

23.5 

38.9 

29.7 

8.3 

50.0 

31.3 

0.0 

125.0 

100.0 


1.0 
1.8 
2.5 
3.0 
5.4 
7.3 
15.4 
20.3 
24.4 
7.7 
3.9 
2.6 
0.5 
0.4 
0.6 
0.4 
0.4 
0.3 
0.5 
1.0 
0.2 
0.2 
0.1 

(=) 
0.1 


0,7 
1.5 
2.1 
3.0 
6.3 
8.4 
15.3 
19.5 
22.1 
8.8 
4.7 
3.0 
0.5 
0.4 
0.5 
0.3 
0.5 
0.3 
0.5 
1.0 
0.1 
0.2 
0.1 

'\l 


0.1 
0.5 
1.1 
2.1 
6.0 
9.4 
15.8 
18.0 
22.2 
10.4 
6.4 
3.4 
0.4 
0.3 
0.3 
0.3 
0.5 
0.3 
0.6 
1.3 
0.1 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 


1.1 
1.7 
1.9 
2.4 
3.5 
4.7 
9.2 
11.6 
13.9 
4.5 
2.2 
1.6 
0.3 
0.3 
0.4 
0.2 
0.3 
0.3 
0.6 
1.9 
0.6 
1.3 
0.8 
6.0 
87.5 


0.7 
1.3 
1.4 
2.1 
8.6 
4.8 
8.2 
9.9 
U.2 
4.6 
2.4 
1.7 
0.2 
0.2 
0.3 
0.2 
0.3 
0.2 
0.5 
1.7 
0.4 
1.1 
0.9 
6.0 
125.0 


0.1 
0.3 
0.5 
1.1 
2.5 
3.9 
6.1 
6.6 
8.2 
4.0 
2.4 
1.4 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.2 
0.2 
0.4 
1.6 
0.3 
0.8 
0.9 
8.0 
62.5 


0.4 

0.4 

0.5 

0.3 

10.1 

10.1 

1.0 

1.7 

2.7 

10.1 

10.2 

10.1 

0.1 

0.1 

0.1 

0.0 

0.0 

0.1 

0.1 

0.2 

0.2 

0.2 

10.1 

0.0 

137.5 


6 


47-48 




46-47 


9 


4&-46 




44-4.5 


1.1 


43-14 


42-43 


■> 1 


41-42 




40-11- 


3 


39-40 




38-39 . 





37-3S 


3 


S6-37 




35-86 


1 


34-35 




33-34 


1 


32-33 




31-32 





30-31 




29-30 .. . 


1 


28-29 




27-28 


3 






26-26 


1 *> 


24-25 









Table 16. 



1 Decrease. = Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 

-DISTRIBUTION OF THE NEGRO POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH LATITUDE: 1900, 1890, AND 1880. 



DEGREES OF LATITUDE. 


NEGRO POPULATION 
(IN THOUSANDS). 


PER CENT OF 
INCREASE. 


PER CENT or NEGRO POP- 
ULATION BETWEEN THE 
PARALLELS. 


NEGRO POPULATION PER 
SQUARE MILE. 


INCREASE PER 
SQUARE MILE. 




1900 


1890 


1880 


1890 

to 
1900 


1880 

to 
1890 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1890 

to 
1900 


1880 

to 
1890 


48-49 




1 

2 

1 

2 

6 

10 

46 

82 

168 

406 

487 

5] 3 

594 

666 

a53 

1,087 

1,203 

573 

475 

280 

24 

4 




100.0 

0.0 

0.0 

10.0 

23.9 

60.0 

42.3 

15.8 

5.1 

2.9 

11.6 

17.1 

13.1 

19.8 

18.7 

29.1 

28.4 

21.4 

60.0 

175.0 

(=) 

0.0 

0.0 


1-L 

100.0 

50.0 

0.0 

7.0 

26.1 

20.0 

7.7 

4.3 

2 2 

6!l 

13.9 

17.2 

24.8 

10.5 

19.6 

18.8 

17.2 

60.0 

100.0 




(^) 

i-L 

0.1 
0.6 
1.1 
2.2 
5.4 
6.6 
6.9 
7.9 
8.9 
11.4 
14.6 
16.1 
7.7 
6.3 
3.7 
0.3 
0.1 






\v 

v) 

0.3 
0.6 
0.9 
2.3 
2.7 
3.1 
3.3 
3.8 
5.3 
6.9 

8.6 
6.0 
6.2 
5.2 
0.9 
0.2 




0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.2 
0.4 
0.4 
0.1 
0.0 
0.4 
0.7 
0.7 

l:i 

1.6 
1.5 
1.1 
0.4 
0.4 
(') 
0.0 
0.0 




47^8 


3 

2 

2 

6 

11 

67 

123 

239 

470 

612 

528 

662 

780 

965 

1,302 

1,428 

740 

610 

340 

36 

11 

1 

1 

5 




(^) 
0.1 
0.1 
0.6 
1.4 
2.7 
.5.3 
5.8 
6.0 
7.5 
8.8 
10.9 
14.7 
16.2 
8.4 
6.9 
3.8 
0.4 
0.1 

«o.i 




i 

0.3 
0.7 
1.3 
2.7 
2.8 
3.1 
3.7 
4.5 
6.0 
8.3 
10.3 
6.5 
6.7 
6.3 
1.3 
0.6 
0.1 
2.0 

62.5 




* 


46-47 


1 

1 

4 

10 

43 

65 

140 

377 

467 

602 

560 

585 

728 

871 

1,089 

479 

400 

239 

15 

2 


0.1 
0.2 
0.7 
1.0 
2.1 
5.7 
7.1 
7.6 
8.6 
8.9 
11.1 
13.2 
16.6 
7.3 
6.1 
3.6 
0.2 


0.3 
0.4 
0.8 
2.2 
2.6 
3.0 

3.1 
3.4 
4.5 
5.5 
7.8 
4.2 
4.4 
4.4 
0.6 
0.1 


*'o.o 


45-46 


44-45 


< 


43-44 


*'o.o 

0.0 

0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.2 
0.4 
0.8 

1.4 
0.8 
0.8 
0.8 
0.8 
0.4 
0.1 


42-43 


41-42 


40-41. 


39-40 


38-39 


87-38 


36-37 


3.5-36 - - . 


34-35 


33-34 


32-33 


31-32 


30-31 


29-30 


28-29 


27-28 


26-27 


25-26 -■ 


1 
5 




(=) 
66.7 


0.1 




2.0 
62.5 




'^ 


24-25 


3 


{') 


37.6 


25.0 





1 Decrease. ^ Infinite increase. ^ Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 

DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH LONGITUDE. 



* Less than 0.1. 



The distribution of the aggregate, native born, for- 
eign born, and negro popidistion in accordance with 
longitude is pre.sented in the following table.^. The 
grcate.8t proportion of the aggregate population and of 
the foreign born population lic.twoen any two merid- 
ians is found between the seventy-third and seventj'- 
fourth meridians, comprising the larger portion of 
New York city; the greatest proportion of the na- 
tive born is found between tiie eighty-seventh and 
eighty -eighth meridians, which include the city of Chi- 
cago; and the greatest proportion of the negroes is 
found between the ninetieth and ninety-tirst meridians, 
including the cities of St. Louis, Memphis, Vicksburg, 
and New Orleans. 



The ninety-sixth meridian divides the country geo- 
graphically into two nearly equal parts, but the popu- 
lation cast of this line, f)6, 499,0(10, is seven times as 
great as that west of the line, 9,498,000. If both sec- 
tions were populated eijually, the total ]ioi)nlation of 
the United States, exclusive of Alaska, Hawaii, and the 
insular possessions, would be nearly 133,000,000, a den- 
sity of population of about 45 persons to the square 
mile, approximately the same as that of the states of 
Mis.souri and South Carolina, and less than that of 16 
other states. 



16 

T.uiLE 17.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE AGGREGATE POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH LONGITUDE: 1900, 1890, 

AND 1880. 





AGGREGATE POPULATION 
(IN THOrSANDS). 


PEK CENT OF 
INCREASE. 


PER CENT OF AGGREGATE 

POPULATION BETWEEN 

THE MERIDIANS. 


AGGREGATE POPULATION 
PER SQUARE MILE. 


INCREASE PER 
SQUARE MILE. 




1900 


1890 


ISSO 


ISDO 

to 
1900 


1S80 

to 
1890 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1890 

to 

1900 


1880 

to 
1890 


67-68 


59 

145 

213 

651 

2.836 

1,221 

4,776 

2,397 

3,586 

2,947 

1,981 

2,016 

1,955 

2,610 

2,509 

2,184 

2,998 

3,399 

2,884 

2,482 

4,282 

2,605 

2,374 

3,199 

1,985 

1,856 

2,223 

2,185 

1,935 

1,887 

1,743 

916 

447 

195 

92 

63 

112 

309 

203 

127 

81 

73 

65 

86 

262 

183 

79 

40 

55 

105 

206 

267 

118 

169 

556 

863 

196 

24 


54 

139 

207 

584 

2,277 

1,040 

3,681 

1,956 

3,078 

2,680 

1,841 

1,756 

1,606 

2,158 

2,045 

1,848 

2,538 

3,020 

2,490 

2,171 

3,210 

2,246 

2,042 

2,661 

1,726 

1,659 

1,887 

1,629 

1,645 

1,436 

1,297 

716 

324 

155 

80 

57 

92 

245 

142 

90 

62 

44 

25 

44 

183 

117 

52 

26 

40 

77 

118 

161 

83 

159 

436 

700 

169 

19 


53 

135 

207 

527 

1,830 

921 

2,976 

1,611 

2,623 

2,238 

1,700 

1,491 

1,362 

1,751 

1,651 

1,591 

2,100 

2.611 

2,164 

1,875 

2,285 

2,010 

1,827 

2,265 

1,486 

1.296 

1,367 

1,161 

1,079 

868 

746 

376 

140 

49 

8 

9 

32 

88 

107 

73 

31 

24 

11 

23 

113 

55 

31 1 

13 

16. 

36 

39 i 

66 

68 

119 

279 

467 

100 

9 


9.3 
4.3 
2.9 
11.5 
24.5 
17.4 
29.7 
2-2.5 
16.5 
14.2 
7.6 
14.8 
21.7 
20.9 
22.7 
18.2 
18.1 

ia.5 

15.8 
14.3 
33.4 
16.0 
16.3 
20.7 
15.1 
19.1 
17.8 
34.1 
17.6 
31.4 
34.4 
27.9 
38.0 
26.8 
15.0 
10.5 
21.7 
26.1 
43.0 
41.1 
30.6 
65.9 
120. 
95.5 
43.2 
56.4 
51.9 
63.8 
37.5 
36.4 
74.6 
65.8 
42.2 
6^3 
27.6 
21.9 
23.3 
26.3 


1.9 

3.0 

0.0 

10.8 

24.4 

12.9 

23.7 

21.4 

17.3 

15.3 

8.3 

17.8 

17.9 

23.2 

23.9 

16.2 

20.9 

16.7 

15.6 ! 

15.8 

40.6 

11.7 

11.8 

17.6 

16.1 

20.3 

38.0 

40.3 

52.6 

65.4 

74.1 

90.4 

131.4 

216.3 

900.0 

533.3 

187.5 

178.4 

32.7 

23.3 

100.0 

83.3 

127.3 

91.3 

61.9 

112.7 

67.7 

100.0 

150.0 

120.0 

202.6 

147.7 

22.1 

33.6 

56.3 

63.2 

59.0 

111.1 


0.1 
0.2 
0.3 
0.9 
3.7 
1.6 
6.3 
3.2 
4.7 
3.9 
2.6 
2.7 
2.6 
3.4 
3.3 
2.9 
3.9 
4.6 
3.8 
3.3 
5.6 
3.4 
3.1 
4.2 
2.6 
2.4 
2.9 
2.9 
2.6 
2.6 
2.3 
1.2 
0.6 
0.3 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.4 
0.3 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.3 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.3 
0.4 
0.2 
0.2 
0.7 
1.1 
0.3 
(■) 


0.1 
0.2 
0.3 
0.9 
3.6 
1.7 
5.9 
3.1 
4.9 
4.1 
2.9 
2.8 
2.6 
3.4 
3.3 
2.9 
4.0 
4.8 
4.0 
3.6 
5.1 
3.6 
3.3 
4.2 
2.7 
2.5 
3.0 
2.6 
2.6 
2.3 
2.1 
1.1 
0.5 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.4 
n.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 

0) 

0.1 
0.3 
0.2 
0.1 
(■) 
0.1 
0.1 
0.2 
0.3 
0.1 
0.3 
0.7 
1.1 
0.3 

0) 


0.1 
0.3 
0.4 
1.1 
3.6 
1.8 
5.9 
3.2 
5.2 
4.6 
3.4 
3.0 
2.7 
3.6 
3.3 
3.2 
4.2 
6.2 
4.3 
3.7 
4.6 
4.0 
S.6 
4.5 
3.0 
2.6 
2.7 
2.3 
2.2 
1.7 
1.5 
0.7 
0.3 
0.1 

(1) 
0.1 
0.2 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 

%.. 
0.1 
0.1 

<') 
(■ 

0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.6 
0.9 
0.2 


15.8 

17.1 

21.3 

68.3 

223.5 

93.6 

348.0 

123.0 

147.9 

111.9 

60.1 

67.5 

64.8 

66.8 

42.5 

40.1 

53.9 

56.1 

49.1 

49.3 

83.0 

42.7 

37.9 

49.0 

29.7 

27.5 

32.2 

31.9 

26.8 

24.7 

21.3 

10.7 

5.4 

2.6 

1.3 

0.9 

1.5 

4.5 

2.9 

2.0 

1.3 

1.2 

0.9 

1.3 

4.2 

2.9 

1.4 

0.7 

1.0 

1.7 

3.8 

5.1 

2.4 

3.5 

11.6 

23.5 

6.1 

4.6 


14.5 

16.4 

20.7 

61.2 

179.4 

79.7 

268.2 

100.4 

127.0 

98.0 

65.9 

60.0 

45.0 

47.0 

34.6 

33.9 

45.6 

49.9 

42.4 

43.1 

62.2 

36.8 

32.6 

40.6 

25.8 

23.1 

27.3 

23.8 

22.8 

18.8 

15.9 

8.3 

3.9 

2.1 

1.1 

0.8 

1.2 

3.6 

2.0 

1.4 

1.0 

0.7 

0.4 

0.7 

2.9 

1.9 

0.9 

0.5 

0.7 

1.2 

2.2 

3.1 

1.7 

3.3 

9.1 

19.3 

.5.0 

3,6 


14.2 

15.9 

20.7 

66.2 

144.2 

70.6 

216.8 

82.7 

108.2 

85.0 

51.6 

42.6 

38.2 

38.1 

27.9 

29.2 

37.7 

43.1 

36.7 

37.3 

44.3 

32.9 

29.1 

34.5 

22.3 

19.2 

19.8 

17.0 

14.9 

11.4 

9.1 

4.4 

1.7 

0.7 

0.1 

0.1 

0.4 

1.3 

1.5 

1.1 

0.6 

0.4 

0.2 

0.3 

1.8 

0.9 

0.5 

. 0.2 

0.3 

0.6 

O.T 

1.2 

1.4 

2.4 

5.8 

12.6 

3.1 

1.7 


1.3 
0.7 
0.6 
7.1 
44.1 
13.9 
79.8 
22.6 
20.9 
13.9 
4.2 
7.5 
9.8 
9.8 
7.9 
6.2 
8.3 
6.2 
6.7 
6.2 
20.8 
5.9 
5.3 
8.4 
3.9 
4.4 
4.9 
8.1 
4.0 
5.9 
6.4 
2.4 
1.5 
0.5 
0.2 
0.1 
0.3 
0.9 
0.9 
0.6 
0.3 
0.5 
0.5 
0.6 
1.3 
1.0 
0.5 
0.2 
O.S 
0.5 
1.6 
2.0 
0.7 
0.2 
2.6 
4.2 
1.1 
1.0 


0.3 


68-69 


0.5 


69-70 


0.0 


70-71 


6.0 


71-72 


36.2 


72 73 


9.1 


73-74 


51.4 


74-75 


17.7 




18.8 


76-77 


13.0 


77 78 


4.3 


7g_79 


7.5 


79-80 


6.8 


80-81 


8.9 


81-82 


6.7 


82-83 


4.7 


83-84 


7.9 


84-85 


6.8 


85-86 


5.7 


86-87 


5.8 


87 88 


17.9 


88-89 


3.9 


89-90 


3.5 




6.1 


91-92 


3.5 




3.9 


93 94 


7.5 




6.8 


95-96 


7.9 




7.4 


97-98 


6.8 




3.9 




2.2 




1.4 


101 102 


1.0 




0.7 


lOS-104 


0.8 




2.3 


105-106 


0.5 




0.3 


107 108 


0.6 




0.3 


109-110 


0.2 




0.4 


Ill 112 


1.1 




1.0 


113-114 . 


0.4 




0.3 


115-116 ... . 


0.4 




0.6 


117 118 


. 1.6 




1.9 


119-120 


0.3 




0.9 


121-122 


3.3 




6.7 


123-124 


1.9 




1.9 







1 Less than one-tenth of 1 i>er cent. 



17 

Table 18.— DISTEIBUTION OF THE NATIVE BORN POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH LONGITUDE: 1900, 1890, 

AND 1880. 



DEGREES OF LONGITUDE. 



67-68.. 

68-69.. 
69-70.. 
70-71.. 
71-72.. 
72-73.. 
7a-74.. 
74-75.. 
75-76.. 
76-77.. 
77-78.. 
78-79.. 
79-80.. 
80-81.. 
81-82. . 
82-83.. 
83-84.. 
84-85.. 
85-86.. 
86-87.. 
87-88.. 
88-89.. 
89-90.. 
90-91.. 
91-92.. 
92-93.. 
93-94.. 
94-95. . 
95-96.. 
96-97.. 
97-98.. 
98-99.. 
99-100. 
lOO-lOl, 
101-102 
102-103, 
103-104, 
104-105, 
105-106, 
106-107 
107-108 
108-109 
109-110 
110-111 
111-112, 
112-113 
113-114 
114-115 
115-116 
116-117, 
117-118, 
118-119, 
119-120, 
120-121 
121-122 
122-123 
123-124, 
124-125 



NATIVE BORN POPULATION 
(IN THOUSANDS). 



1900 



51 

127 

191 

624 

1,957 

936 

3,228 

1,908 

3,021 

2,618 

1,922 

1,786 

1,800 

2,339 

2,306 

2,088 

2,735 

3,165 

2,708 

2,380 

3,391 

2,308 

2,265 

2,769 

1,788 

1,675 

1,964 

1,920 

1,811 

1, 665 

1,533 

799 

386 

170 

76 

52 

93 

272 

167 

98 

70 

63 

46 

66 

206 

139 

61 

31 

45 

104 

161 

215 

83 

153 

419 

619 

161 

19 



1S90 



47 

122 

192 

480 

1,594 

812 

2,492 

1,545 

2,559 

2,268 

1,765 

1,542 

1,520 

1,922 

1,867 

1,748 

2,270 

2,751 

2,318 

2,051 

2,481 

1,949 

1,893 

2,210 

1,535 

1,388 

1,622 

1,468 

1,421 

1,239 

1,105 

610 

281 

140 

76 

51 

68 

198 

122 

80 

54 

48 

27 

41 

136 

91 

38 

21 

25 

61 

113 

134 

60 

123 

314 

467 

128 

15 



ISSO 



46 

122 

198 

457 

1,368 

. 751 

2,090 

1,316 

2,227 

1,989 

1,631 

1,328 

1,424 

1,485 

1,518 

1,498 

1,892 

2,372 

2,008 

1,779 

1, 864 

1,745 

1,692 

1,843 

1,324 

1,149 

1,213 

1,046 

944 

758 

632 

317 

119 

40 

6 

4 

22 

64 

106 

65 

25 

15 

7 

10 

75 

41 

25 

8 

9 

19 

36 

57 

41 

80 

196 

299 

74 

7 



PER CENT OF 
INCREASE. 



ISOO 

to 
1900 



4.1 
10.5 

9.2 
22.8 
15.3 
29.5 
23.5 
18.1 
15.4 

8.9 
15.8 
18.4 
21.7 
23.5 
19.5 
20.5 
15.0 
16.8 
16.0 
36.7 
IS. 4 
19.7 
25.3 
16.5 
20.7 
21.1 
30.8 
27.4 
34.4 



31.0 
37.4 
21.4 
0.0 
2.0 
36.8 
37.4 
36.9 
22.5 
29.6 
31.3 
70.4 
61.0 
51.5 
52.7 
60.5 
47.6 
80.0 
70.5 
42.5 
60.4 
38.3 
24.4 
33.4 
32.5 
25.8 
26.7 



1880 

to 
1890 



2.2 

0.0 

13.0 

5.0 

16.5 

8.1 

19.2 

17.4 

14.9 

14.0 

8.2 

16.1 

6.7 

29.4 

23.0 

16.7 

20.0 

16.0 

15.4 

15.3 

33.1 

11.7 

11.9 

19.9 

15.9 

20.8 

33.7 

40.3 

60.5 

63.5 

74,8 

92.4 

136.1 

250.0 

166.7 

175.0 

209.1 

209.4 

15.1 

23.1 

116.0 

220.0 

286.7 

310.0 

81.3 

122.0 

52.0 

162.6 

177.8 

221.1 

213.9 

135.1 

46.3 

53.8 

60.2 

56.2 

73.0 

114.3 



PER CENT OF NATIVE BORN 

POPULATION BETWEEN 

THE MERIDIANS. 



1900 



0.1 
0.2 
0.3 
O.S 
3.0 
1.4 
4.9 
2.9 
4.6 
4.0 
2.9 
2.7 
2.7 
3.6 
3.6 
3.2 
4.2 
4.8 
4.1 
3.6 
5.2 
3.5 
3.4 
4.2 
2.7 
2.6 
3.0 
2.9 
2.8 
2.5 
2.3 
1.2 
0.6 
0.3 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.4 
0.3 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.3 
0.2 
0.1 



(=) 



0.1 
0.2 
0.2 
0.3 
0.1 
0.2 
0.6 
0.9 
0.2 



(-) 



1890 



0.1 
0.2 
0.4 
0.9 
3.0 
1.5 
4.6 
2.9 
4.8 
4.2 
3.3 
2.9 
2.8 
3.6 
3.5 
3.3 
4.2 
5.1 
4.3 
3.8 
4.6 
3.6 
3.5 
4.1 
2.9 
2,6 
3.0 
2.7 
2.6 
2.3 
2.1 
1.1 
0.6 
0.3 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.4 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.3 
0.2 
0.1 



0.1 
0.2 
0.2 
0.1 
0.2 
0.6 
0.9 
0.2 



(=) 



1880 



0.1 
0.3 
0.5 
1.1 
3.1 
1.7 
4.8 
3.0 
5.1 
4.6 
3.8 
3.1 
3.3 
3.4 
3.5 
3.4 
4.4 
5.5 
4.6 
4.1 
4.3 
4.0 
3.9 
4.2 
3.0 
2.6 
2.8 
2.4 
2.2 
1.7 
1.6 
0.7 
0.3 
0.1 



0.1 
0.1 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 



0.2 
0.1 
0.1 



0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.2 
0.6 
0.7 
0.2 



C=) 



NATIVE BORN POPULATION 
PER SQUARE MILE. 



1900 



13.7 

15.0 

19.1 

54.9 

154.2 

71.8 

236.2 

97.9 

124.6 

99.4 

58.3 

50.9 

50.5 

50.9 

39.0 

38.3 

49.1 

52.3 

46.1 

47.3 

65.7 

37.8 

36.1 

42.4 

26.8 

24.8 

28.4 

28.1 

25.0 

21.8 

18.8 

9.3 

4.7 

2.3 

1.1 

0.8 

1.3 

3.9 

2.4 

1.5 

1.1 

1.0 

0.7 

1.0 

3.3 

2.2 

1.0 

0.5 

O.S 

1.7 

3.0 

4.1 

1.7 

3.1 

8.7 

17.1 

5.0 

3.6 



1890 



12.6 

14.4 

19.2 

50.3 

125.6 

62.3 

181.6 

79.3 

105.6 

86.2 

53.6 

44.0 

42.6 

41.8 

31.6 

32.1 

40.8 

45.4 

39.4 

40.7 

48.1 

31.9 

30.2 

33.8 

23.0 

20.6 

23.5 

21.6 

19.7 

16.2 

13.5 

7.1 

3.4 

1.9 

1.1 

0.8 

0.9 

2.9 

1.8 

1.2 

0.9 

0.8 

0.4 

0.6 

2.2 

1.6 

0.7 

0.4 

0.4 

1.0 

2.1 

2.5 

1.2 

2.5 

6.5 

12.9 

4.0 

2.9 



1880 



12.3 

14.4 

19.8 

47.9 

107.8 

57.6 

152.3 

67.6 

91.9 

76.6 

49.5 

37.9 

39.9 

32.3 

25.7 

27.5 

34.0 

39.2 

84.2 

85.3 

36.1 

28.6 

27.0 

28.2 

19.8 

17.0 

17.6 

15.3 

13.1 

9.9 

7.7 

3.7 

1.4 

0.5 

0.1 

0.1 

0.3 

0.9 

1.5 

1.0 

0.4 

0.2 

0.1 

0.1 

1.2 

0.7 

0.4 

0.1 

0.2 

0.3 

0.7 

1.1 

0.8 

1.6 

4.1 

8.2 

2.3 

1.3 



INCREASE PER 
SQUARE MILE. 



1890 

to 
1900 



1.1 
0.6 
10.1 
4.6 
28.6 
9.5 
53.6 
18.6 
19.0 
13.2 
4.7 
6.9 
7.9 
9.1 
7.4 
6.2 
8.3 
6.9 
6.7 
6.6 
17.6 
5.9 
5.9 
8.6 
3.8 
4.2 
4.9 
6.6 
5.3 
5.6 
5.3 
2.2 
1.3 
0.4 
0.0 
0.0 
0.4 
1.0 
0.6 
0.3 
0.2 
0.2 
0.3 
0.4 
1.1 
0.7 
0.3 
0.1 
0.4 
0.7 
0.9 
1.6 
0.5 
0.6 
2.2 
4.2 
1.0 
0.7 



1880 

to 
1890 



0.3 
0.0 
10.6 
2.4 
17.8 
4.7 
29.3 
11.8 
13.7 
10.6 
4.1 
6.1 
2.7 
9.5 
5.9 
4.6 
6.8 
6.2 
5.2 
B.4 
12.0 
3.3 
3.2 
5.6 
3.2 
3.6 
5.9 
6.2 
6.6 
6.3 
5.8 
3.4 
2.0 
1.4 
1.0 
0.7 
0.6 
2.0 
0.3 
0.2 
0.5 
0.6 
0.3 
0.5 
1.0 
O.S 
0.3 
0.3 
0.2 
0.7 
1.4 
1.4 
0.4 
0.9 
2.4 
4,7 
1.7 
1.6 



1 Decrease. 



2 Less than one-teath of 1 per cent. 



18 

Table 19.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE FOREIGN BORN POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH LONGITUDE: 1900, 1890, 

AND 1880. 



DEGREES OF LOXGITUDE. 


FOREIGN 
(IN 


BORN POPULATION 
THOUSANDS). 


PER CENT OP 
INCREASE. 


PER CENT OF FOREIGN BORN 

POPUL.ITION BETWEEN 

THE MERIDIANS. 


FOREIGN 
PER 


BORN POPULATION 
SQUARE MILE. 


INCREASE PER 
SQUARE MILE. 




1900 


1890 


1S80 


1890 

to 
1900 


1S80 

to 
1890 


1900 


1S90 


1S80 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1890 

to 
1900 


1880 

to 
1S90 


67-68 


9 
17 
22 
128 
878 
285 
1,521 
.516 
666 
274 
116 
227 
221 
198 
207 
95 
267 
234 
164 
117 
874 
301 
235 
3'28 
188 
179 
260 
173 
225 
216 
207 

lis 

62 

27 
12 
12 
31 
43 
28 
18 
12 
12 
11 
19 
54 
46 
17 

7 
11 
18 
29 
44 
18 
39 
136 
235 
35 

4 


10 

16 

18 

100 

684 

230 

1,187 

411 

520 

266 

123 

199 

169 

161 

186 

101 

269 

269 

172 

120 

730 

299 

247 

345 

191 

172 

266 

164 

223 

210 

197 

112 

53 

23 

11 

11 

30 

37 

24 

16 

10 

8 

6 

13 

49 

37 

14 

6 

8 

14 

25 

34 

17 

40 

125 

234 

34 

5 


9 

11 

13 

66 

462 

170 

888 

296 

395 

213 

106 

137 

110 

116 

129 

98 

209 

240 

145 

96 

426 

259 

224 

321 

171 

141 

164 

111 

131 

118 

114 

56 

22 

9 

1 

2 

11 

12 

17 

15 

4 

3 

2 

5 

37 

20 

11 

4 

5 

10 

9 

16 

21 

36 

88 

161 

22 

2 


uo.o 

13.3 

22.2 

28.0 

28.4 

23.9 

28.1 

25.5 

8.8 

3.0 

15.7 

14.1 

30.8 

23.0 

11.3 

16.9 

10.7 

'13.0 

14.7 

12.5 

19.7 

0.7 

14.9 

14.9 

14.2 

4.1 

12.3 

5.5 

0.9 

2.9 

5.1 

5.4 

17.0 

17.4 

9.1 

9.1 

3.3 

16.2 

16.7 

12.5 

20.0 

60.0 

83.3 

46.2 

10.2 

24.3 

21.4 

16.7 

37.6 

28.6 

16.0 

29.4 

5.9 

12.5 

8.8 

0.4 

2.9 

120.0 


11.1 

36.4 

38.5 

61.5 

48.1 

35.3 

33.7 

38.9 

31.6 

24.9 

16.0 

45.3 

.53.6 

38.8 

44.2 

3.1 

2,8.7 

12.1 

18.6 

25. 

71.4 

15.4 

10.3 

7.5 

11.7 

22.0 

72.7 

47.7 

70.2 

78.0 

72.8 

100.0 

140.9 

165.6 

1,000.0 

450.0 

172.7 

208.3 

41.2 

6.7 

150.0 

166.7 

200.0 

160.0 

32.4 

8.5.0 

27.3 

60.0 

60.0 

40.0 

177. 8 

112.5 

119.0 

11.1 

42.0 

45.3 

64.5 

150.0 


0.1 
0.2 
0.2 
1.2 
8.5 
2.8 
14.7 
6.0 
5.5 
2.6 
1.1 
2.2 
2.1 
1.9 
2.0 
0.9 
2.6 
2.3 
1.6 
1.1 
8.5 
2.9 
2.3 
3.2 
1.8 
1.7 
2.5 
1.7 
2.2 
2.1 
2.0 
1.1 
0.6 
0.3 
0.1 
0.1 
0.3 
0.4 
0.3 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.2 
0.5 
0.4 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.2 
0.3 
0.4 
0.2 
0.4 
1.3 
2.3 
0.3 


0.1 
0.2 
0.2 
1.1 
7.4 
2.5 
12.8 
4 4 
5.6 
2.9 
1.3 
2.2 
1.8 
1.7 
2.0 
1.1 
2.9 
2.9 
1.9 
1.3 
7.9 
3.2 
2.7 
3.7 
2.1 
1.9 
2.9 
1.8 
2.4 
2.3 
2.1 
1.2 
0.6 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.3 
0.4 
0.3 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.5 
0.4 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.2 
0.3 
0.4 
0.2 
0.4 
1.4 
2.5 
0.4 
0.1 


0.1 
0.2 
0.2 
1.0 
6.9 
2.5 
13.3 
4.4 
5.9 
3.2 
1.6 
2.1 
1.6 
1.7 
1.9 
1.5 
3.1 
3.6 
2.2 
1.4 
6.4 
3.9 
3.4 
4.8 
2.6 
2.1 
2.3 
1.7 
2.0 
1.8 
1.7 
0.8 
0.3 
0.1 

C-) 

{"■) 

0.2 
0.2 
0.3 
0.2 
0.1 

(-) 

{-) 
0.1 
0.6 
0.3 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.2 
0.3 
0.5 
1.3 
2.4 
0.3 

r-) 


2.4 
2.0 
2.2 
13.4 
69.2 
21.9 
110.8 
26.5 
23.3 
10.4 
3.6 
6.5 
6.2 
4.3 
3.6 
1.7 
4.8 
3.9 
2.8 
2.3 
16.9 
4.9 
3.7 
6.0 
2.7 
2.7 
3.8 
2.5 
3.1 
2.8 
2.6 
1.4 
0.7 
0.4 
0.2 
0.2 
0.4 
0.6 
0.4 
0.3 
0.2 
0.2 
0.2 
0.3 
0.9 
0.7 
0.3 
0.1 
0.2 
0.3 
0.5 
0.8 
0.4 
0.8 
2.8 
6.5 
1.1 
0.8 


2.7 
1.8 
1.8 
10.5 
53.9 
17.6 
86.5 
21.1 
21.5 
10.1 
3.7 
6.7 
4.7 
3.5 
3.1 
1.9 
4.8 
4 4 
2.9 
2.4 
14.1 
4.9 
3.9 
6.3 
2.9 
2.5 
3.9 
2.4 
3.1 
2.8 
2.4 
1.3 
0.6 
0.3 
0.2 
0.2 
0.4 
0.5 
0.3 
0.2 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.2 
0.8 
0.6 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.2 
0.5 
0.6 
0.3 
0.8 
2.6 
6.4 
1.1 
1.0 


2.4 
1.3 
1.3 
6.9 
36.4 
13.0 
64.7 
15.2 
16.3 
8.1 
3.2 
3.9 
3.1 
2.5 
2.2 
1.8 
3.8 
4.0 
2.5 
1.9 
8.3 
4 2 
3.6 
4.9 
2.6 
2.1 
2.2 
1.6 
1.8 
1.5 
1.4 
0.7 
0.3 
0.1 

'ii 

0.2 
0.2 
0.2 
0.1 

0.6 
0.3 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.2 
0.2 
0.3 
0.4 
0.7 
1.8 
4.4 
0.7 
0.4 


10.3 
0.2 
0.4 
2.9 

15.3 
4.3 

24.3 
5.4 
1.8 
0.3 

10.2 
0.8 
1.5 
0.8 
0.4 

10.2 
0.0 

10.5 

10.1 

10.1 
2.8 
0.0 

10.2 

10.3 

10.2 
0.2 

10.1 
0.1 
0.0 
0.0 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.0 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 
0.0 
0.1 
0.1 
0.0 
0.2 
0.1 
0.0 
0.2 
0.1 
0.0 

10.2 


0.3 


68-69 


0.5 


69-70 


0.5 


70-71 


3.6 


71 72 


17.5 


72-73 


4 6 


73-74 


21.8 


74-75 


5.9 


76-76 


6.2 


76-77 


2.0 


77 78 . 


0.5 


78 79 


1.8 


79-SO 


1.6 


80-81 


1.0 


81-82 


0.9 


82-83 


0.1 


83-84 


1.0 


84r-85 


0.4 


85-86 


0.4 


86-87 


0.5 


87-88 . .- 


5.8 


88-S9 


0.7 


89-90 . 


0.3 


90-91 


0.4 


91-92 . . 


0.3 




0.4 


93-94 


1.7 




0.8 


95-96 


1.3 




1.3 


97-98 


1.0 




0.6 


99-100 


0.3 




0.2 


101 102 


0.2 




0.2 


103-104 


0.3 




0.3 


105-106 


0. 1 




0.0 


107 108 


0.1 




0.1 


109-110 


0.1 




0.1 


111-112 


0.2 




0.3 


113-114 


0.0 




0.0 


115-116 


0.0 




0.0 


117-118 


0.3 




0.3 


119-120. 


10.1 




0.1 


121-122 


0.8 




2.0 


123-124 


0.4 




0.6 













1 Decrease. 



2 Less than one-tentli of 1 per cent. 



3 Less than 0.1. 



19 

Table 20.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE NEGRO POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH LONGITUDE: 1900, 1890, AND 1880. 



DEGKEES OF LONGITUDE. 



67-68. 

68-69. 
69-70. 
70-71. 
71-72. 
72-73., 
73-74., 
74r-75. , 
76-76., 
76-77. . 
77-78.. 
78-79. . 
79-80.. 
80-81.. 
81-82.. 
82-83.. 
83-84.. 
84-85.. 
85-86.. 
86-87. . 
87-88.. 



NEGKO POPULATION 
(IN THOUSANDS). 



1900 



1890 



1880 



PER CENT OF 
INCREASE. 



1890 

to 

1900 



1880 

to 
1890 



PER CENT OP NEGRO POP- 
ULATION BETWEEN 
THE MERIDIANS. 



1900 



1890 



1880 



NEGRO POPULATION PER 
SQUARE MILE. 



1880 



INCREASE PER 
SQUARE MILK. 



1890 

to 
1900 



1880 

to 
1890 



89-90. 
90-91. 
91-92. 
92-93. 
93-94. 
94-95., 
96-96., 
96-97., 



98-99... 
99-100.. 
100-101. 
101-102. 
102-103. 
103-104. 
104-105. 
105-106. 
106-107. 
107-108. 
108-109. 
109-110. 
110-111. 
111-112. 
112-113. 
113-114. 
114-115. 
11.5-116. 
116-117. 
117-118. 
118-119. 
119-120. 
120-121. 
121-122., 
122-123. 
123-124., 
124-125., 



4 

36 

13 

83 

67 

202 

433 

469 

304 

404 

410 

602 

403 

415 

537 

402 

442 

447 

357 

448 

736 

451 

246 

212 

193 

226 

207 

123 

23 

3 

2 

1 



3 

26 
10 
55 
45 
162 
374 
447 
304 
358 
362 
416 
318 
354 
468 
339 
378 
371 
312 
378 
590 
398 
207 
178 
151 
187 
161 
85 
17 
3 
2 
1 



21 

11 

49 

38 

146 

338 

444 

310 

350 

294 

343 

269 

307 

425 

302 

344 

338 

297 

349 

481 

334 

163 

145 

122 

151 

119 

60 

12 

2 

2 



33.3 
38.5 
30.0 
50.9 
48.9 
24.7 
15.8 
4.9 
0.0 
12.8 
13.3 
20.7 
26.7 
17.2 
14.7 
18.6 
16.9 
20.5 
14.4 
18.5 
24.7 
13.3 
18.8 
19.1 
27.8 
20.9 
28.6 
44.7 
35.3 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 



0) 

0.0 

23.8 

19.1 

12.2 

18.4 

11.0 

10.7 

0.7 

'1.9 

2.3 

23.1 

21.3 

18.2 

15.3 

10.1 

12.3 

9.9 

9.8 

5.1 

8.3 

22.7 

19.2 

27.0 

22.8 

23.8 

23.8 

35.3 

41.7 

41.7 

60.0 

0.0 



("I 



0.4 
0.1 
0.9 
0.8 
2.3 
4.9 
5.3 
3.4 
4.6 
4.6 
5.7 
4.6 
4.7 
6.1 
4.6 
5.0 
5.1 
4.0 
5.1 
8.3 
5.1 
2.8 
2.4 
2.2 
2.6 
2.3 
1.4 
0.3 



(=) 



0.3 
0.1 
0.7 
0.6 
2.2 
6.0 
6.0 
4.1 
4.8 
4.8 
6.5 
4.2 
4.7 
6.2 
4.5 
5.0 
4.9 
4.2 
5.0 
7.9 
6.3 
2.8 
2.4 
2.0 
2.5 
2.1 
1.1 
0.2 



0.3 
0.2 
0.7 
0.6 
2.2 
5.1 
6.7 
4.7 
5.3 
4.5 
5.2 
4.1 
4.7 
6.5 
4.6 
5.2 
5.1 
4.5 
5.3 
7.3 
6.1 
2.5 
2.2 
1.9 
2.3 
1.8 
0.9 
0.2 



0.4 
2.8 
1.0 
6.0 
3.4 
8.3 

16.4 

14.2 
8.7 

11.3 
8.9 
8.5 
7.4 
7.5 
8.9 
6.8 
8.8 
8.7 
6.8 
7.1 

11.3 
6.8 
3.6 
3.1 
2.8 
3.1 
2.7 
1.5 
0.3 



0.3 
2.0 
0.8 
4.0 
2.3 
6.7 
14.2 
13.6 
8.7 
10.0 
7.9 
7.0 
5.8 
6.4 
7.7 
5.8 
7.5 
7.2 
6.1 
6.0 
9.0 
6.0 
3.1 
2.6 
2 2 
2! 6 
2.1 
1.0 
0.2 

(=i 



0.1 

0.3 
1.7 
0.8 
3.6 
2.0 
6.0 
12.8 

13.6 
8.8 
9.8 
6.4 
6.8 
4.9 
5.5 
7.0 
5.1 
6.8 
6.5 
4.9 
5.6 
7.4 
5.0 
2.4 
2.1 
1.8 
2.1 
1.6 
0.7 
0.1 



0.1 
0.8 
0.2 
2.0 
1.1 
1.6 
2.2 
0.6 
0.0 
1.3 
1.0 
1.5 
1.6 
1.1 
1.2 
1.0 
1.3 
1.5 
0.7 
1.1 
2.3 
0.8 
0.5 
0.5 

0.6 
0.5 
0.6 
0.5 
0.1 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 



10.1 
0.0 
0.3 
0.0 
0.4 
0.3 
0.7 
1.4 
0.1 

10.1 
0.2 
1.5 
1.2 
0.9 
0.9 
0.7 
0.7 
0.7 
0.7 
0.2 
0.4 
1.6 
1.0 
0.7 
0.5 
0.4 
0.6 
0.5 
0.3 
0.1 



( 



0.0 



0.0 

100.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0,0 
0.0 
n.o 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 



0.0 
100.0 
100.0 

0.0 
(!) 






{-) 



0.1 



{') 



(») 



0.1 



(!) 



(^) 



1=1 



i 



0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 
0.0 



( 



0.0 



& 



0.0 

50.0 
0.0 

150.0 
0.0 

120.0 



100.0 
100.0 
66.7 



(=) 
0.1 



0.1 
0.1 






0.1 
0.1 



0.1 
0.1 



0.1 



(') 



0.0 



(') 



0.0 



Q) 



0.0 
0.0 



1 Decrease. 

2 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 



3 Less than 0.1. 
■ijntinite increase. 



DISTRIBUTION OF THE AGGREGATE POPULATION BT SQUARE DEGREES. 



Table 21 shows to the nearest thousand the distribu- 
tion of the aggregate population of the United States 
in 1900 (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii), b}^ square 
degrees, that- is, the population included between two 
consecutive parallels and two meridians, and is prac- 
tically a map, from which an approximation of the 
density of population can easily be made. 



The sparseness of population of the arid region is 
clearly indicated, and the great centers of population, 
like New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, and other large 
cities, can readily be located. 



20 



Table 21.— AGGREGATE POPULATION, TO THE NEAREST 



en a 


w . 
s- z 
-< o 

S2 


DEGREES OF LONGITUDE. 


Q 




g 
g 




a' 




o 

OS 




00 


3 


U3 

3 


r-i 


■* 
3 


3 




s 


d 
o 


o 


0(5 
S 

s 




i 




I-H 


i-H 
i-H 


1 


§ 
i 


d 

! 


Oa 


s ■ 


t-^ 


tD 


i 

OS 


OT 






75,995 


24 


196 


853 


556 


169 


118 


267 


206 


105 


65 


40 


79 


183 


262 


86 


.55 


73 


81 


127 


203 


309 


112 


63 


92 


195 


447 


916 


1,743 


1,887 


1,935 


2,185 


2,223 


1,856 


48-49 


298 


2 


3 


16 


37 


7 


3 


7 


6 


6 


3 


3 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


S 


3 


15 


22 


28 


44 


28 


13 


4 


2 


17 


47-48 


631 


6 


15 


68 


9S 


8 


4 


14 


70 


8 


6 


5 


10 


14 


19 


10 


2 


2 


1 


1 


(') 


P) 


2 


4 


4 


8 


16 


18 


45 


44 


31 


7 


3 


25 


46^7 


841 


1 


27 


32 


19 


7 


5 


24 


27 


27 


8 


6 


11 


18 


8 


4 


4 


3 


1 


2 


2 


2 


0) 


4 


7 


11 


9 


19 


34 


53 


55 


36 


20 


51 


45-46 


1,267 


.... 


35 


146 


22 


10 


9 


19 


10 


4 


3 


4 


8 


43 


8 


9 


7 


5 


2 


1 


1 


1 


1 


(') 


2 


7 


15 


24 


32 


48 


66 


94 


84 


77 


44^5 


2,670 


3 


25 


34 


6 


3 


5 


9 


15 


9 


3 


2 


3 


B 


7 


(^) 


1 


1 


2 


5 


2 


2 


24 


3 


1 


5 


9 


19 


35 


49 


69 


101 


510 


134 


43^4 


3,751 


4 


14 


10 


2 


1 


1 


1 




19 


3 


3 


3 


8 


8 


4 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


8 


6 


3 


4 


8 


29 


61 


SO 


82 


91 


107 


117 


42-43 


7,318 


3 


15 


13 


2 


2 


1 


1 




2 


2 


3 


3 


13 


15 


5 


2 


2 


3 


2 


7 


7 


9 


11 


4 


5 


14 


27 


58 


107 


111 


113 


127 


127 


41-42 


9,544 


G) 


16 


9 


11 


4 


5 


1 




1 


1 


1 


6 


9 


47 


4 


3 


3 


4 


5 


12 


8 


7 


6 


5 


12 


29 


47 


83 


127 


267 


126 


199 


171 


40-41 


12.596 


5 


16 


13 


10 


3 


3 


1 




1 


1 


1 


4 


31 


90 


7 


4 


2 


2 


6 


25 


14 


9 


6 


13 


33 


54 


88 


102 


159 


126 


126 


116 


127 


89-40 


7,893 




16 


18 


36 


28 


10 


1 




1 


1 


0) 


6 


6 


23 


6 


3 


8 


7 


29 


34 


148 


7 


7 


13 


25 


43 


64 


84 


91 


153 


518 


142 


155 


88-39 


5,175 




14 


67 


100 


34 


6 


1 




(') 


w 


1 


4 


7 


8 


3 


1 


10 


13 


11 


44 


59 


9 


3 


5 


9 


25 


55 


92 


70 


142 


124 


130 


113 


37-38 


4,055 






427 


178 


17 


14 


5 




fll 


fM 


1 


6 


2 


2 


1 


fM 


R 


11 


13 


11 


25 


15 


4 


3 


8 


14 


4ft 


106 


70 


152 


203 


158 


82 


36-37 


3,343 
3,193 








30 
5 


20 
16 


22 
10 


13 

12 


2 
ft 


1 
6 


1 
3 


1 
1 


1 
1 


1 

2 


1 




3 

3 


2 

«3 


3 

7 


7 
10 


8 
14 


17 
?1 


10 
12 


3 

5 


1 
1 


1 
4 


2 
4 


11 
30 


5S 

aft 


83 
113 


36 
55 


45 
43 


103 
109 


112 

98 


75 

87 


35-36 








34-35 


2,852 










9 


■'0 


149 


23 


6 


6 


4 


4 


6 


5 


4 


o 


4 


4 


7 


7 


3 





1 


R 


7 


''I 


fi 


56 


53 


20 


.50 


78 


126 


33-34 


3,077 














9 


9?. 


11 


11 


3 


3 


8 


7 


,S 




ft 


3 


4 


5 


■> 


? 


(M 


3 


ft 


12 


30 


109 


214 


145 


103 


100 




32-33 


2,812 














18 


3 


3 


1 


4 


7 


6 


7 


7 


4 


7 


3 


7 


9 





m 


4 


13 


29 


70 


145 


210 


121 


123 


135 


91 


31 32 


1,859 
1,434 


























1 


4 


6 


5 


3 


2 


13 


5 


5 
5 


2 

2 


2 


6 
4 


9 

4 


24 

IS 


67 
43 


136 

140 


145 
140 


99 

90 


78 
41 


61 

35 


78 
108 


30-31 


























29-30 


1,085 
148 
99 
28 
9 
17 










































1 


2 


(') 


1 


5 
4 


17 
11 
15 
1 


104 
11 

'21 
11 


120 
37 
14 
8 
6 


90 

18 


110 
5 


35 


6 


18 


28-29 








































27-28 
























































26-27 






























































25-26 






























































24-25 







































































































































1 Less than 600. 



21 



THOUSAND, IN EACH SQUARE DEGREE: 1900. 























DEGREES 


OF LONGITUDE. 




















o . 


i 


i 


i 




CO 


00 


CO 


i 




00 


i 

00 


1 


? 

s 


i 




i 


i 


1 


i 


i 


1 


1 


1 


1 


00 
CO 


o < 
a 


1,985 


3,199 


2,374 


2,605 


4,282 


2,482 


2,884 


3,399 


2,998 


2,184 


2,509 


2,610 


1,955 


2,016 


1,981 


2,947 


3,586 


2,397 


4,776 


1,221 


2,836 


651 


213 


146 


59 




9 

21 

36 

55 

113 

129 

159 

161 

190 

147 

93 

66 

78 

91 

98 

88 

86 

109 

182 

74 


1 

35 

29 

80 

118 

152 

246 

161 

157 

750 

85 

107 

192 

138 

149 

182 

144 

103 

370 
















































48-19 


(1) 
20 
44 
100 
134 
198 
152 
233 
209 
231 
168 
144 
202 
144 
137 
114 
79 
47 
18 


29 

04 

38 

182 

207 

240 

255 

159 

184 

178 

187 

169 

146 

127 

164 

133 

68 

76 


(') 

41 

66 

85 

360 

72 

1,943 

164 

236 

219 

257 

157 

120 

116 

143 

176 

85 

42 




































6 
21 
15 
142 
26 


4 
28 
72 
41 


2 
6 
33 
18 




18 

8 

34 

67 

63 

205 

238 

3*2 

186 

161 

291 

186 

159 

194 

175 

109 

16 


13 
19 
89 
123 
286 
224 
344 
215 
426 
149 
132 
157 
154 
174 
185 
149 
42 
3 


19 
47 
32 
195 
218 
222 
264 
760 
323 
196 
116 
150 
135 
334 
166 
134 
85 
3 


(') 

17 

30 

147 

497 

363 

236 

369 

176 

122 

190 

127 

155 

189 

176 

95 

103 

6 


























3 
21 
115 
154 
231 
127 


46-47 
























6 

62 

166 

1,898 

704 


45-16 


1 

69 

60 

151 

234 

231 

234 

113 

185 

167 

218 

176 

102 

63 

54 

66 

30 

30 












8 
223 
282 
290 
585 
846 
265 
118 
253 
62 
15 


105 

211 

186 

402 

1,204 

1,256 

167 

46 

3 

6 


82 
103 
240 
308 
1,603 
158 
3 


115 
138 
440 
548 
3,535 


135 
122 
382 
543 
39 


41-16 






22 
116 
241 
452 

188 
77 
1(W 
199 
130 
161 
102 
84 


108 
557 
166 
313 
155 
139 
128 
178 
170 
91 
U 


242 
215 
163 
182 
266 
278 
258 
148 
162 
67 


43 11 


585 

323 

238 

170 

110 

143 

195 

2U 

169 

139 

73 

54 

36 

28 

14 

4 

0) 
17 


10 

322 

1,038 

222 

99 
125 
180 
214 
174 
138 

72 






42-13 


3 






41-42 






40-41 












39-40 
















38-39 
















37-38 


















36-37 


















35-36 


















S4-35 




















33-34 
























32-33 


























31-32 






























30-31 






























29-30 








4 
5 
4 
3 




























28 29 














































27 28 














































26-*^ 
















































25-Ofi 
















































24 25 





















































22 

DISTRIBUTION OF POPITLATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH MEAN ANNUAL TEMPEEATURE. 



The distribution of population and its elements in 
accordance with mean annual temperature is repre- 
sented in the following tables. Of the aggregate pop- 
ulation, three-fifths are found to be living under tem- 
peratures ranging from 45° to 55°, the proportion 
within these temperatures having slightly diminished 
within the past ten years. Between 45° and 65° are 
found more than four-fifths of the population. The 
proportion of population has increased in the extreme 
temperatures; that is, below 40° and above 70°. 

The foreign born are found to be living under colder 
average conditions than the aggregate population, and 
the negroes under much warmer conditions. Of the 



former more than three-fourths are found between 45° 
and 55°, and more than seven-eighths between 40° and 
55°, more than one-half being found between 45° and 
50°. The drift of the foreign born is toward lower 
temperature, as is shown by the general increase in 
proportion in those regions. 

The negroes are found in greatest proportion in 
those regions where the annual temperature is between 
60° and 65°, while between 55° and 70° are found 
nearly 84 per cent of all the negroes. The drift of the 
negroes is plainly away from the lower temperatures 
and toward the higher. 



Table 32.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE AGGREGATE POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH MEAN ANNUAL 

TEMPERATURE: 1900, 1890, AND 1880. 





Land area 
(square 
miles). 


AGGREGATE POPULATION. 


INCREASE. 


PER CENT OF 
INCREASE. 


PEE CENT OP 
TOTAL. 


AGGREGATE 

POPULATION PER 

SQUARE MILE. 




1900 


1890 


1880 


1890 

to 

1900 


1880 

to 
1890 


1890 

to 
1900 


1880 

to 
1890 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1900 


1890 


1880 


The United States 


'2,970,230 


=75, 994, .575 


362,802,432 


150,155,783 


13,192,143 


12,646,649 


21.0 


25.2 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


25.6 


21.1 


16.9 




222,469 
424, 813 
.566,363 
655, 911 
395, 323 
339, 164 
264,417 
96, 221 
5,549 


1,382,302 

5, 659, 247 

24, .823, 950 

21,165,727 

9, 438, 870 

7, 033, 759 

5,261,509 

606, 250 

22,961 


913,050 
4, 776, 829 
20,905.417 
17, .534, 942 
7,851,2.55 
6, 308, 705 
4,038,360 
454,227 
19,647 


451,816 

3, 319, 539 

16,317,479 

14,966,038 

6,387,246 

6,120,877 

3,2.57.009 

325,363 

10,416 


469,252 

882,418 

3,918.533 

3, 630, 785 

1,587,015 

1,325,054 

1, 223, 149 

152,023 

3,314 


461, 234 

1,467,290 

4,687,938 

2,568,904 

1,464,009 

1,187,828 

781, 351 

128,864 

9, 231 


51.4 
18.5 
18.7 
20.7 
20.2 
21.0 
30.3 
33.5 
16.9 


102.1 
43.9 
28.1 
17.2 
22.9 
23.2 
24.0 
39.6 
88.6 


1.8 
7.5 
32.7 
27.9 
12.4 
10.0 
6.9 
0.8 
(*) 


1.6 
7.6 
33.3 
27.9 
12.5 
10.0 
6.5 
0.7 


0.9 
6.6 
32.5 
29.9 
12.7 
10.2 
6.5 
0.7 
P) 


6.2 
13.3 
43.8 
32.3 
23.9 
22.5 
19.9 
6.3 
4.1 


4.1 
11.2 
36.9 
26.7 
19.9 
18.6 
15.3 
4.7 
3.5 


2 


40 to 45 


7 8 


45 to 50 


28 8 


50 to 55 


22 8 


65 to 60 


16.2 


60 to 65 


15 1 


65 to 70 


12.3 




3.4 




1 9 







1 Does not include the area of Alaska or Ha^vaii. 

2 Does not include the population of Alaska or Hawaii or 91,219 persons in the military and naval service of the United States stationed abroad. 

3 Does not include the population of Alaska. 

4 Does uot include the i>opu!ation of Alaska or Indian Territory. 
6 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 

Table 23.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE FOREIGN BORN POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH MEAN ANNUAL 

TEMPERATURE; 1900, 1890, AND ISSO. 





Land area 
(square 
miles). 


FOEEIG^ 


EOEN POPULATION. 


INCEEASE. 


PEE CENT OF 
INCEEASE. 


PEE CENT 
TOTAL. 


OF 


FOREIGN BOEN 

POPULATION PER 

SQUARE MILE. 




1900 


1890 


1880 


1890 

to 
1900 


1880 

to 

1890 


1890 

to 
1900 


1880 

to 
1890 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1900 


1890 


1S80 


The United States 


12.970,230 


no. 341, 276 


39.249,560 


•16,679.943 


1,091,716 


2, 569, 617 


11.8 


38.5 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


3.5 


3.1 


2.2 




222, 469 
424, 813 
666, 363 
655, 911 
395, 323 
339, 164 
264, 417 
96,221 
5,649 


400,167 

1,251,072 

5,746,407 

2,110,738 

454, 468 

116, 812 

1.85. 301 

68,133 

8,178 


308,724 

1,202,762 

4,924,451 

2,025,618 

444,110 

110,144 

169, 838 

62,763 

11, 250 


121,260 

784,689 

3,541,534 

1, 632. 414 

409, 883 

96, 341 

131,337 

57,048 

5,537 


91,443 
48,310 
821, 9.56 
86.220 
10, 358 

6,668 
25, 463 

5,370 
5 3,072 


187, 464 

418,173 

1,382,917 

493,104 

34, 227 

13,803 

28, 501 

5,715 

5,713 


29.6 
4.0 

16.7 
4.2 
2.3 
6.1 

15.9 

8.6 

6 27.3 


154.6 
63.3 
39.0 
32.2 
8.4 
14.3 
21.7 
10.0 

103.2 


3.9 

12.1 

55.6 

20.4 

4.4 

1.1 

1.8 

0.6 

0.1 


3.4 
13.0 
63.2 
21.9 
4.8 
1.2 
1.7 
0.7 
0.1 


1.8 
11.8 
53.0 
2'' 9 

"e.i 

1.4 
2.0 
0.9 
0.1 


1.8 
2.9 
10.1 
3.2 
1.1 
0.3 
0.7 
0.7 
1.6 


1.4 

2.8 
8.7 
3.1 
1.1 
0.3 
0.6 
0.7 
2.0 


0.5 


40 to 45 


1.8 


45 to 50 


6.3 


50 to 55 


2.3 


55 to 60 


1.0 


60 to 65 


0.3 


65 to 70 


0.5 


70 to 75 


0.6 




1.0 







iDoes not include the area of Alaska or Hawaii. 

2 Does not include the population of Alaska or Hawaii or 15,368 persons of foreign birth in the military and naval service of the United States stationed abroad. 

'Does not include the population of Alaska. 

« Does not include the population of Alaska or Indian Territory. 

'Decrease. 



23 



Table 24.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE NEGRO POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH MEAN ANNUAL 

TEMPERATURE: 1900, 1890, AND 1880. 





Land area 
(square 
miles). 


NEGRO POPULATION. 


INCREASE. 


PEE CENT OF 
INCP.EASE. 


PER CENT or 
TOTAL. 


NEGRO POPULATION 
PER SQUARE MILE. 


DKOREE9 OF TEMPERATURE. 


1900 


1S90 


1S80 


1890 

to 

1900 


1880 

to 
1890 


1890 

to 
1900 


1880 

to 
1890 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1900 


1890 


1880 


Tlie United States 


12,970,230 


2 8,833,994 


3 7,488,676 


* 6, 580, 793 


1,345,318 


907,883 


18.0 


13.8 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


3.0 


2.5 


2.2 




222,469 
424, 813 
566,363 
655,911 
395, 323 
3:!9, 164 
264, 417 
96,221 
5,549 


3,372 

16, 199 

274,110 

963, 036 

1,915,560 

3,265,407 

2,213,115 

176, 114 

7,081 


2, 927 

14, .502 

201, 163 

832, 270 

1,737,554 

2, 760, 728 

1,805,209 

128,301 

6,022 


1,499 

10,683 

170,358 

760, 462 

1,618,365 

2,401,939 

1,514,888 

99,378 

3,221 


445 

1,697 

72,947 

130,766 

178, 006 

504,679 

407, 906 

47,813 

1,059 


1,428 
3,819 
30, 805 
71,808 
119, 189 
358,789 
290,321 
28,923 
2,801 


15.2 
11.7 
36.3 
15.7 
10.2 
18.3 
22.6 
37.3 
17.6 


95.3 
35.7 
18.1 
9.4 
7.4 
14.9 
19.2 
29.1 
87.0 


0.2 
3.1 
10.9 
21.7 
37.0 
25.0 
2.0 
0.1 


'■IK 

0.2 
2.7 
11.1 
23.2 
36.9 
24.1 
1.7 
0.1 


<0.'2 
2.6 
11.6 
24.6 
36.5 
23.0 
1.5 


(") 
») 
0.5 
1.5 
4.8 
9.6 
8.4 
1.8 
1.3 


0.4 
1.3 
4.4 
8.1 
6.8 
1.3 
1.1 




40 to 45 


45 to 50 


50 to 55 - 


1 2 


55 to 60 ... . 


4 1 


60 to 65 


7.1 


65 to 70 . . 


6.7 


70 to 75 


1.0 




0.6 







I Does not include the area of Alaska or Hawaii. 

~ Does not include the population of Alaska or Hawaii or 6.394 persons of 
negro descent in the military and naval service of the United States stationed 
abroad. 



3 Does not include the population of Alaska. 

* Does not include the population of Alaska or ludian Territory. 

5 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 

"Less than 0.1. 



DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH MEAN ANNUAL RAINFALL. 



The following tables show the distribution of the 
aggregate, foreign born, and negro population, in 
accordance with mean annual rainfall. Of the aggre- 
gate population, nearlj' two-tifths are found in the 
region where the rainfall averages from 40 to 50 inches, 
and nearlj' one-third where it averages 30 to 40 inches. 
Not less than three-fourths of all the population are 
found within regions of suiEcient rainfall. Where the 
rainfall is less than 20 inches, which marks the line of 
lowest limit of successful agriculture without irriga- 
tion, there are found but 3.4 per cent of the aggregate 
population. 



The foreign born are distributed in much the same 
manner, except that the proportion is greater in the 
regions of average and scanty rainfall, and less in those 
of abundant rainfall. The negroes, on the other hand, 
are found in their greatest numbers where the rainfall 
is between 50 and 60 inches. Here are found more 
than three-fifths of the total number. In those regions 
in which the rainfall ranges from 40 to 60 inches are 
found more than nine-tenths of all the negroes of the 
country, showing that the negroes afl'ect regions of 
heavy rainfall. 



Table 25.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE AGGREGATE POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH MEAN ANNUAL 

RAINFALL: 1900, 1890, AND 1880. 



RAINFALL (IN INCHE,?). 


Land area 
(square 
miles). 


AGGREGATE POPULATION. 


INCREASE. 


PER CENT OF 
INCREASE. 


PEE CENT OP TOTAL. 


AGGREGATE 

POPULATION PER 

SQUARE MILE. 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1890 

to 
1900 


1880 

to 
1890 

12,646,649 


1890 

to 
1900 


1880 

to, 

1890 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1900 


1890 


1880 


The United States 


12,970,230 


275,994,575 


3 62,802,432 


450,155,783 


13,192,143 


2L0 


25.2 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


25.6 


21.1 


16.9 




241,259 
905, 297 
450. 877 
502, 116 
430, 190 
391,645 
42, 129 
C,717 


239,927 
2,385,970 
4,921,488 
25,170,519 
30 119 248 


169,327 

1,746,385 

3, 823, 641 

21,262,7,38 

01 QTr, .^99 


121, 254 

799, 040 

2, 137, .581 

17, 376, 627 

20,718,843 

8,317,666 

671,824 

12,948 


70, 600 

639,585 

1,097,847 

3, 907, 731 

5,203,926 

2,078,129 

185,648 

8,677 


48,073 

947,345 

1,686.060 

3, 8S6, 161 

4,196,479 

1,729,463 

136,564 

16,501 


41.7 
36.6 
28.7 
18.4 
20.9 
20.7 
23.0 
29.5 


39.6 
118.6 
78.9 
22.4 
20.3 
20.8 
20.3 
127.5 


0.3 

3.1 

6.5 

33.1 

39.6 

16.0 

1.3 

0.1 


0.3 
2.8 
6.1 
33.8 
39.7 
16.0 
1.3 


0.3 
1.6 
4.3 
34.6 
41.3 
16.6 
1.3 
C) 


1.0 
2.6 
10.9 
.50.1 
70.0 
31.0 
23.6 
5.7 


0.7 
1.9 
8.5 
42.3 
57.9 
2.5.7 
19.2 
4.4 


0.5 


10 to 20 


20 to 30 


4 7 


30 to 40 


34.6 
48 9 


40 to 50 


50 to 60 


12', 125,' 258 1 l6!o47ii29 

994,036 808,388 

38 129 ^9 4.^-7 


21.2 
15.9 
1 9 


60 to 70 


70 and over 











1 Does not include the area of Alaska or Hawaii. 

2 Does not include the population of Alaska or Hawaii or 91,219 persons in the military and naval service of the United States stationed abroad. 

3 Does not include the populiitiou of .\laska. 

« Does not include the population of Alaska or Indian Territory, 
s Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 



4 f 



24 

Table 26.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE FOREIGN BORN POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH MEAN ANNUAL 

RAINFALL: 1900, 1890, AND 1880. 





Land area 
(square 
miles). 


FOREIGN BOEN POPULATION. 


Ih'CKEASE. 


PEK CENT OF 
INCREASE. 


PEE CENT OF TOTAL. 


FOREIGN BORN 

POPULATION 

PER SQUARE MILE. 




1900 


1890 


1880 


1890 

to 
1900 


18S0 

to 
1890 


1890 

to 
1900 


1880 

to 

1890 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1900 


1890 


1880 


The United States 


12,970,230 


= 10,341,276 


3 9,249,660 


4 6,679,943 


1,091,716 


2,569,617 


11.8 


38.5 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


3.5 


3.1 


2.2 


Below 10 


241,259 
905,297 
450,877 
602,116 
430, 190 
391,645 
42, 129 
6,717 


46,489 

467,382 

1,032,103 

3,964,689 

4,585,298 

165,818 

70, 905 

8,592 


45,010 

395,140 

991,860 

3,796,600 

3,789,891 

153, 586 

69, 008 

8,465 


42,565 

191,822 

589,679 

2,887,366 

2, 799, .533 

100.601 

64,305 

4,182 


1,479 

72,242 

40, 243 

168,089 

795,407 

12,232 

1,897 

127 


2,445 

203,318 

402, 181 

909,244 

990,358 

63,085 

4,703 

4,283 


3.3 
18.3 
4.1 
4.4 
21.0 
8.0 
2.7 
1.6 


5.7 

106.0 

68.2 

31.5 

36.4 

62.8 

7.3 

102.4 


0.5 
4.5 
10.0 
38.3 
44.3 
1.6 
0.7 
0.1 


0.5 

4.3 

10.7 

41.0 

41.0 

1.7 

0.7 

0.1 


0.6 
2.9 
8.8 
43.2 
41.9 
1.5 
1.0 
0.1 


0.2 
0.5 
2.3 
7.9 
10.7 
0.4 
1.7 
1.3 


0.2 
0.4 
2.2 
7.6 
8.8 
0.4 
1.6 
1.3 


2 


10 to 20 


2 


20 to 30 




30 to 40 


5 8 


40 to 50 


6 5 


50 to 60 




60 to 70 


1 5 











1 Does not include the area of Alaska or Hawaii. 

-Does not include the population of Alaska or Hawaii or 15,368 persons of foreign birth in the military and naval service of the United States stationed abroad. 

3 Does not include the population of Alaska. 

^Does not include the population of Alaska or Indian Territory. 

Table 27.— DISTRIBUTION OF THE NEGRO POPULATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH MEAN ANNUAL 

RAINFALL: 1900, 1890, AND 1880. 





Land area 
(square 
miles). 


NEGRO POPULATION. 


INCREASE. 


PER CENT OF 
INCREASE. 


PER CENT OF TOTAL. 


NEGRO POPULATION 
PER SQUARE MILE. 


RAINFALL (IN INCHES). 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1890 

to 
1900 


18S0 

to 
1S90 


1890 

to 

1900 


1880 

to 
1890 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1900 


1890 


1880 


The United States 


12,970,230 


= 8,833,994 


= 7,488,676 


■16,580,793 


1, 346, 324 


907,883 


18.0 


13.8 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


3.0 


2.5 


2.2 


Below 10 


241, 2.59 
905,297 
450,877 
602, 116 
430, 190 
391,645 
42,129 
6,717 


2,447 

19,638 

39, 351 

497, .888 

2, 707, 897 

5,309,460 

257, 200 

53 


1,307 

17,691 

31, 015 

399,984 

2, 350, 289 

4,467,226 

221,108 

56 


568 

7,119 

18, 781 

342,741 

2, 166, 301 

3,837,9.M 

207,290 

39 


1,140 

1,947 

8,336 

97,904 

357, 608 

842,234 

36,152 

■3 


739 
10,572 
12,234 
57, 243 
183,988 
629,272 
13,818 
17 


87. 2 
11.0 
26.9 
24.5 
15.2 
18.9 
16.4 
'5.4 


130.1 
148.5 
65.1 
16.7 
8.5 
16.4 
6.7 
43.6 


(') 

0.2 
0.6 
5.6 
30.7 
60.1 
2.9 


0.2 
0.4 
5.3 
31.4 
69.7 
3.0 
(") 


(») 
0.1 
0.3 
5.2 

32.9 

68.3 
3.2 

(=) 


^o!i 

1.0 
6.3 
13.6 
6.1 

C) 


0.1 
0.8 
6.5 
11.4 
6.2 

C) 




10 to 20 


(M 


20 to 30 


« 


30 to 40 


07 


40 to 60 . . 


5 


50 to 60 


9 8 


60 to 70.. 


4 9 




(<^) 





1 Does not include the area of Alaska or Hawaii. 

2 Does not include the population of Alaska or Hawaii or 6.394 persons of 
negro descent in the military and naval service of the United States stationed 
abroad. 

3 Does not include the population of Alaska. 



■» Does not include the population of Alaska or Indian Territory. 
6 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 
♦•Less than 0.1. 
" Decrease. 



O 



tBJa'OS